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There is nothing as disgusting as people who torture, murder, and cannibalize humans. In the past, humans have practiced cannibalism in many parts of the world. Today, the Korowai are one of the few tribes believed to eat human flesh as a cultural practice. In most countries, the act of human cannibalism is not illegal, nor a problem. People who eat human flesh are unusually charged with a crime relating to murder or desecration of a body. In the past, cannibalism has been practiced by people suffering from famine or starvation, but this article will not cover any such cases, only people who have committed criminal cannibalism.
Within the field of psychology there is a debate on what factors lead a person to practice criminal cannibalism. Some evidence suggests that cannibalism is a result of trauma experienced in childhood. It has been called a “psychological response to anger and frustration” expressed through oral aggression and an urge to literally absorb a person through consumption. In reality, people who kill and eat others are mentally unstable and dangerous predators. These types of individuals are rare and many countries have never seen a serial human cannibal. The life of a cannibal encompasses some of the worst and most sadistic examples of human capability.
This article will examine twenty people who were caught in the act of eating or having just consumed a human victim. It was organized specifically by country, with one person chosen from each area of the world. However, it has two Russians and two Germans, as I could find eighteen countries with documented cases of criminal cannibalism. The article is a sequel to a list posted on December 18, 2008, which covers the Top 10 Cases of Human Cannibalism. For that reason, it will not include any people mentioned in that article, most notably Albert Fish, Andrei Chikatilo, Armin Meiwes, Issei Sagawa, and Jeffrey Dahmer.
Vince Weiguang Li was born in Dandong, China on April 30, 1968. He immigrated to Canada from China on June 11, 2001, and became an official Canadian citizen on November 7, 2006. On the evening of July 30, 2008, a 22-year-old Canadian man named Tim McLean was riding on the same Greyhound bus as Vince Weiguang Li. The bus was traveling from Edmonton to Winnipeg. According to witnesses, while McLean was sleeping on the bus, Li suddenly produced a large knife and began to stab him repeatedly in the neck and chest until he decapitated him. Li then displayed McLean’s severed head to other passengers as they fled the bus in horror. The event took place approximately 30 km west of Portage la Prairie, Manitoba on the Trans Canada Highway.
On several occasions, Li went back to the body, severed parts, and consumed some of McLean’s flesh. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) responded to the call and found the suspect still on board the bus. The other passengers were huddled at the roadside, some of them crying and vomiting. Witnesses continually observed the suspect stabbing and cutting McLean’s body, and carrying McLean’s severed head. Five hours after the murder, the suspect attempted to escape from the bus by breaking through a window.
Vince Weiguang Li was tazed twice, handcuffed, and placed in the back of a police cruiser. Inside of his pockets, the police found parts of the victim’s body. This included McLean’s ears, nose, and tongue. The victim’s eyes and part of his heart were never recovered and are presumed to have been eaten by Li. Vince Weiguang Li’s trial started on March 3, 2009 and he plead not criminally responsible due to insanity. He was remanded to a high-security mental health facility where he remains to this day.
James Douglas, 3rd Marquess of Queensberry, was a Scottish nobleman. He was the eldest son of James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, who was created Duke of Dover, Marquess of Beverley, and Earl of Ripon in 1708. In 1709, the elder Douglas was made Secretary of State for Scotland. The younger James Douglas was born in 1697. Stories describe him as an “imbecile,” and violently insane. Douglas was kept under lock and key from childhood at Queensberry House in Edinburgh, which is now part of the Scottish Parliament complex. In 1706, the elder James Douglas attempted to have his son removed from the succession.
It is reported that when the Act of Union was signed in 1707, which placed the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland under the same monarch, the disruption allowed the 10-year-old James Douglas to escape. He then entered the kitchen of Queensberry House and slaughtered a young servant. The report says that Douglas roasted the boy alive on a revolving spit. He then ate sections of the boy before being apprehended. After the event, Douglas was known as “The Cannibalistic Idiot,” and the oven he used to kill the boy can still be seen in the Parliament’s Allowances Office. James Douglas died in 1715 and was buried in Calverley churchyard. His brother Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry succeeded him. The Queensberry House kitchen is still said to be haunted to this day.
The story of Tarrare is one of the most bizarre in history. Around 1772, Tarrare was born in France. As a teenager, it became apparent that Tarrare was different from other people because of his endless need for food. His parents eventually had to disown him because Tarrare ate everything in the house, including the pets. In his twenties, Tarrare was the warm-up act to a traveling charlatan. He would swallow corks, stones, live animals, and whole apples. To satisfy his hunger, Tarrare would eat anything available from the town gutters and garbage piles. His bizarre ability soon caught the attention of the government and Tarrare was the subject of a series of medical experiments to test his eating capacity.
Tarrare was known to eat live cats, snakes, lizards, and puppies. On one occasion, he swallowed an eel without chewing. Despite his unusual diet and endless need for meat, Tarrare was of normal sized man with no signs of mental illness. He was described as having unusually soft hair, and an abnormally wide mouth in which his teeth were heavily stained, and lips almost invisible. Tarrare constantly suffered from foul body odor. He was described as stinking “to such a degree that he could not be endured within the distance of twenty paces.”
General Alexandre de Beauharnais decided to put Tarrare’s abilities to use, and he was employed as a courier by the French army. He would swallow documents, pass through enemy lines, and recover them from his stool once safely at his destination. Tarrare was strongly chastened for his hunger and wanted to fix the problem. He agreed to submit to a procedure that would cure his appetite, but it failed. While at the hospital getting treated, Tarrare would sneak out of his room and scavenge for entrails left in gutters, rubbish heaps, and outside butcher shops.
He attempted to drink the blood of other patients in the hospital and looted the corpses in the morgue. After falling under suspicion of eating a toddler, Tarrare was ejected from the hospital. In 1798, he reappeared in Versailles suffering from severe tuberculosis and died. After his death, Tarrare’s corpse rotted quickly. At the autopsy, his body was found to be filled with pus. Tarrare’s liver, gallbladder, and stomach were abnormally large and he was covered in ulcers.
Another man with a similar case to Tarrare is a Polish soldier named Charles Domery (1778-1800). Domery is known to have eaten 174 cats in a year, and although he disliked vegetables he would eat 4 to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.3 kg) of grass each day if he was unable to find other food. During his service on the French frigate Hoche, he attempted to eat the severed leg of a crew member hit by cannon fire, before other members of the crew wrestled it from him.
In 1893, Leonarda Cianciulli was born in Montella, Italy. As a child, she attempted suicide on two separate occasions and was greatly disturbed. Cianciulli had seventeen pregnancies during her marriage, but lost three of the children to miscarriage, and ten more died in their youth. In 1939, Cianciulli heard that her eldest son, Giuseppe, was to join the Italian army in preparation for World War II. She came to the conclusion that his safety required human sacrifices. Cianciulli then planned the murder of three middle-aged women. After the victims were comfortable, she killed them with an axe and cut their bodies into nine parts. She also gathered the blood into a basin.
In her memorial (titled “An embittered soul’s confessions”) Cianciulli describes what happened next: “I threw the pieces into a pot, added seven kilos of caustic soda, which I had bought to make soap, and stirred the whole mixture until the pieces dissolved in a thick, dark mush that I poured into several buckets and emptied in a nearby septic tank. As for the blood in the basin, I waited until it had coagulated, dried it in the oven, ground it and mixed it with flour, sugar, chocolate, milk and eggs, as well as a bit of margarine, kneading all the ingredients together. I made lots of crunchy tea cakes and served them to the ladies who came to visit, though Giuseppe and I also ate them.”
In regard to her third murder, Cianciulli said: “She ended up in the pot, like the other two…her flesh was fat and white, when it had melted I added a bottle of cologne, and after a long time on the boil I was able to make some most acceptable creamy soap. I gave bars to neighbors and acquaintances. The cakes, too, were better, that woman was really sweet.” Leonarda Cianciulli has become known as the “Soap-Maker of Correggio,” because she turned the remains of her victims into soap and food.
After a neighbor became suspicious of Cianciulli, the police were called, and she immediately confessed to the murders, providing detailed accounts of what she had done. Cianciulli was found guilty of her crimes and sentenced to thirty years in prison and three years in a criminal asylum. Leonarda Cianciulli died of cerebral apoplexy in the women’s criminal asylum in Pozzuoli on October 15, 1970. A number of artifacts from the case, including the pot in which the victims were boiled, are on display at the Criminological Museum in Rome.
Until August 2011, people in the village of Sokol, Slovakia, knew Matej Curko as an ordinary guy that lived with his wife and two children. In reality, he is the latest person to be caught cannibalizing victims he met on the Internet. We will never know the full story behind the “Slovak Cannibal” because he was shot and killed by police. However, in his online conversations, Curko is quoted as saying “I am not a rapist, not gay, I am just a pervert who wants to feel death.” In the summer of 2011, police were contacted by a Swiss man who said that Curko was attempting to coerce him into suicide and cannibalism on the Internet. The police responded by putting together an online operation where Curko was tricked into meeting an agent.
After officers rushed the scene, Curko pulled out a gun, so a sniper shot him five times. Curko later died in the hospital. After a search of his home, police found a large collection of human body parts in his “fridge of horrors.” Curko kept the body parts of his victims for later consumption. Inside the fridge, police found the remains of two Slovakian women who disappeared in 2010. The women are thought to have volunteered themselves for murder and cannibalization. Police are now attempting to link Matej Curko to the disappearance of thirty Italian women between January 2009 and May 2011. The case shocked people in Slovakia and made us all wonder how a seemingly ordinary man could carry out such violent acts.
In 1969, Peter Bryan was born In London. His parents were immigrants from Barbados. In 1994, Bryan was sent to Rampton Secure Hospital after admitting to the unlawful killing of a 20-year-old shop assistant named Nisha Sheth, who was beaten to death with a hammer in 1993. In October 2003, psychiatrists noted that there had been “a continued improvement in his mental state” and talked of plans to move Peter Bryan to a more independent accommodation. In January 2004, social workers applied for a transfer to a “low-support accommodation.” He was described as a nice man, lonely with no friends.
However, in early 2004, Bryan was transferred to an open psychiatric ward at Newham General Hospital after allegations that he had indecently assaulted a 16-year-old girl. In February 2004, he walked out of the mental health unit in Newham, east London and cannibalized his friend Brian Cherry. Cherry was killed by at least 24 hammer blows to the head. On the night in question, one of Cherry’s friends Nicola Newman let herself into his flat around 7.15pm and noticed a strong smell of disinfectant. Peter Bryan then emerged from the kitchen bare-chested, holding a knife, and announced: “Brian is dead.” She didn’t believe him at first until she saw Cherry’s body with his arms and legs separated.
The police arrived to find Peter Bryan standing in the hallway in the dark with bloodstained hands, jeans, and shoes. In the kitchen officers noticed a small amount of human flesh in a frying pan next to an open tub of Clover butter. The meat was part of Brian Cherry’s brain. The police also found brain tissue and hair matted with blood on a plate next to a knife and fork on the draining board. Peter Bryan told officers he had killed Mr. Cherry and “I ate his brain with butter, it was really nice.” He later added: “I would have done someone else if you hadn’t come along. I wanted their souls.”
While at Pentonville jail, Bryan told a member of the staff that he wanted to eat someone’s nose and prison officers had to use riot shields when unlocking his cell in case of attack. Despite the danger, doctors believed that Peter Bryan, who had a long history of brutal violence and deception, should be transferred to a medium risk ward. He was moved to Broadmoor Hospital, where he killed his third victim, a fellow patient, Richard Loudwell, aged 60. Bryan battered Loudwell and tied a ligature around his neck. Mr. Loudwell died in the hospital later that day. Peter Bryan said that if he had not been interrupted he would have eaten Loudwell’s flesh.
On March 15, 2005, Peter Bryan pleaded guilty at the Old Bailey to two counts of manslaughters on the grounds of diminished responsibility. Judge Giles Forrester said: “You killed on these last two occasions because it gave you a thrill and a feeling of power when you ate flesh.” Bryan, who suffers from paranoid schizophrenia, will never be released from jail.
Jarno Elg is responsible for the most gruesome homicide in Finnish history. In 1975, Elg was born in Hyvinkää, Finland. As a child, he had a long history of violence towards animals. In one case, Elg killed a dog by duct taping it up and hitting it on a metal pipe. On November 21, 1998, Jarno Elg entered the house of an unnamed man and strangled him to death. He then continued to dissect the man, wrap his head in duct tape, and eat him with a group of accomplices. Elg had three accomplices and they took various body parts from the man and used them in a satanic ritual that included torturing the victim while listening to The Cainian Chronicle album by Norwegian black metal band Ancient.
The criminal investigation started when a decapitated leg was found at a dump site, thus giving the name “dump site murder” to the case. Jarno Elg was tracked by the police and sentenced to life in prison for murdering a 23-year-old man and eating some of his body parts. The Hyvinkaa District Court in southern Finland sentenced accomplices Terhi Johanna Tervashonka , 17, to eight years and six months in prison and Mika Kristian Riska, 21, to two years and eight months. It was said that the three people “were strongly influenced by Satanism.” The court declared most of the details of the case sealed for 40 years. For this reason, only a limited amount of information is available.
In 1969, Jose Luis Calva was born in Mexico City. He had a traumatic childhood that was full of sexual abuse and the death of his father. In October 2007, the Federal Preventive Police visited Calva’s home to arrest him for the disappearance of his girlfriend Alejandra Galeana. As the police entered his home, they found Calva eating a dish of human meat seasoned with lemon. Inside his flat, the police found the mutilated body of his girlfriend in the closet, human remains in the refrigerator, a frying pan full of cooked human flesh, and muscle tissue in a box of cereal. Calva tried to escape by jumping through a window, but was injured and arrested.
Inside his apartment, the police found an unfinished novel titled Cannibal Instincts that bore on its cover a masked image of Hannibal Lecter. Police also found a picture of Anthony Hopkins portraying Hannibal Lecter. The Mexican press dubbed Calva the “cannibal poet” and the case shocked even the most hardened veteran of the Mexico City police. Jose Luis Calva was charged with two counts of murder in Mexico City, convicted, and sentenced to 84 years in prison. There is circumstantial evidence that links him to the murder of eight separate girls. In the early morning of December 11, 2007, Calva committed suicide in prison and was found hanging by his belt.
In 1933, Joachim Kroll was born in Hindenburg (Zabrze), Province of Upper Silesia. In 1955, Kroll started a deadly killing spree in Germany. He would surprise his victims and strangle them. Kroll would then perform sexual acts on the body, mutilate it, and cut off pieces to be eaten. At the time, the police were aware that they were dealing with a human cannibal because of the skinned corpses. On July 3, 1976, Kroll was arrested for killing a four-year-old girl named Marion Kettner. As the police searched his home, a neighbor told them that when he asked Kroll what was clogging his pipes, he simply replied: “Guts.”
The police found the body of Marion Kettner dismembered in Kroll’s house. Some of her parts were in the fridge, and Kroll was in the process of cooking a small hand on the stove. The entrails of the girl were found stuck in the waste-pipe. Kroll was immediately arrested and he confessed to thirteen murders. He was labeled the Ruhr Cannibal, Ruhr Hunter, and the Duisburg Man-Eater by the German media. At his trial, Kroll said that he often sliced portions of the flesh from his victims to save money on his grocery bills. In 1982, Joachim Kroll was convicted of mass murder and sentenced to life in prison. He died of a heart attack in 1991, in Rheinbach.
In 1962, Tsutomu Miyazaki was born in Ōme, Tokyo, Japan. He was a premature birth and had deformed hands, which were gnarled and fused directly to the wrists. In order to rotate his hands, Miyazaki needed to move his entire forearm. Due to his deformity, Miyazaki was ostracized in school. Between 1988 and 1989, Tsutomu Miyazaki mutilated and killed four girls, aged between four and seven, and sexually molested their corpses. He drank the blood of one victim and ate her limbs. In the Japanese media, Miyazaki became known as the Otaku Murderer, The Little Girl Murderer, and Dracula.
During the murder spree, Miyazaki was a mild-mannered employee by day, but outside of work, he randomly selected children to kill. He also terrorized the families of his victims, often times sending them letters which recalled the murders in graphic detail. He allowed the corpse of his first victim, Mari Konno, to decompose and then he chopped off her hands and feet, which Miyazaki kept in his closet until his arrest. Miyazaki burned the bones of his victims, ground them into powder, and sent them to the families in a box.
On July 23, 1989, Miyazaki sexual abused a girl in a park near her home and was apprehended by the girl’s father. After fleeing naked on foot, Miyazaki eventually returned to the park to get his car and was arrested by police. During his trial, Miyazaki displayed a calm and indifferent demeanor. His killings fueled a moral panic against otaku, accusing anime and horror films of making him a murderer. Tsutomu Miyazaki was sentenced to death on April 14, 1997 and hanged on June 17, 2008. The details surrounding his cannibalism have not been fully released.
In 1952, Nikolai Dzhumagaliev was born in Uzun-Agach, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union. He was considered by all who knew him as a well-spoken, nicely dressed, and clean-shaven gentleman. In 1979, Dzhumagaliev decided to rid the world of prostitutes and began to murder them. He is known to have killed seven women, but in an interview said that he murdered somewhere between 50 to 100 women. In the press, he was known as “Metal Fang” for his white metal teeth. Dzhumagaliev would lure women into the dark end of a local park, where he would rape them and hack them to death with an axe. He also cooked certain parts of his victims, ate the remains, and served the human meat to his friends at parties.
Nikolai Dzhumagaliev made a habit of preparing ethnic dishes out of his victims. His crimes were discovered when two drunks, whom he invited over to his house, discovered a woman’s severed head and intestines inside his refrigerator. Dzhumagaliev was found to be insane and committed to a Tashkent mental institution. In 1989, he escaped while being transferred to a new hospital and wasn’t recaptured until 1991. After serving ten more years, Dzhumagaliev was released from the hospital and is said to be living with relatives in Eastern Europe. He is allowed to travel freely, which gives him the distinction of being the only free man on the list.
Another convicted cannibal named Issei Sagawa, who was featured in the previous article, is free in Japan. It appears that the only other convicted cannibal who is not in jail or a mental hospital is Michael Woodmansee. Woodmansee was released from prison on September 11, 2011, after serving 28 years of a 40 year sentence for murdering and cannibalizing a young boy in Rhode Island.
In 1980, Özgür Dengiz was born in Ankara, Turkey. When he was 17, Dengiz killed a friend and was sentenced to 10 years in prison. He served three years before being released on parole. On June 5, 2007, Dengiz killed Sedat Erzurumlu, a computer engineer, who angered him by saying that he could not afford to buy the laptop he was looking at. Three months later, Dengiz shot and killed a garbage collector at the Mamak Dump. A few hours later, he murdered a 55-year-old municipal worker. Dengiz skinned the corpse with a cleaver, ate some of the flesh raw, and put the rest in a bag.
He then abandoned the corpse at the Mamak Dump and put the human flesh in his refrigerator. Upon returning to the apartment, Dengiz gave a piece of human flesh to a group of stray dogs. He was eventually caught after the police traced him to a series of calls made with one of the victim’s mobile phones. The police quickly searched Dangiz’s apartment and discovered a collection of fresh human meat in the refrigerator.
Özgür Dengiz was arrested, but showed no remorse for his crimes, saying he was irresistibly drawn to eating human flesh. He is quoted: “I love to eat human flesh. It makes me ecstatic. We are fools to have been eating beef for so long.” The only emotion he displayed during his confession was periodic fits of laughter. After making his statement, Dengiz was sent to prison, but I can’t find information on his official sentence or current whereabouts. His crimes caused public outcry in Turkey, where cannibalism is a strong cultural taboo. A Turkish Cypriot journalist said: “Dengiz appears to be Turkey’s first man-eater and perhaps one of its few psychopaths.” However, Turkish serial killer Adnan Çolak is also known to have cannibalized a victim. In the media, Çolak was known as the “Artvin Monster,” while Dengiz the “Cannibal of Ankara.”
John Bunting has been labeled “Australia’s worst serial killer.” Between August 1992 and May 1999, he organized and carried out the Snowtown murders. The crimes were discovered when the remains of eight victims were found in barrels at a rented bank building in Snowtown, South Australia. Immediately after the discovery, a man named John Bunting became the main suspect in the case. Bunting was found to be the ringleader of a group of murderers. Under the instruction of Bunting, the group would prey on the weak and steal their welfare payments. The killers targeted people they thought were pedophiles and homosexuals. The murder spree led to one of the longest and most expensive investigations in Australia’s history.
In 2005, it was revealed that John Bunting and Robert Wagner cannibalized the remains of one of their victims, a man named David Johnson. During a confidential police interview with accomplice James Vlassakis, he said: “They hacked at David Johnson’s body to make sure it would fit in the barrel and then hacked a little bit more, taking a sliver of flesh from the right thigh. There was no remorse. No second thoughts. They heated a frying pan, cooked the flesh, and ate it.”
There have been more than 230 suppression orders in the case and the Australian government is extremely reluctant to release any information about the cannibalism. The occurrence remains one of the few occurrences of criminal cannibalism in the history of Australia. John Bunting and Robert Wagner are currently serving life sentences without the possibility of parole. In 2010, federal legislation prohibited capital punishment in all Australian states and territories.
In 1957, Dorangel Vargas was born in Venezuela. As a child, he was said to be violent and bizarre. Due to his behavior, Dorangel’s family believed he was possessed by “evil spirits.” By 1995, Vargas was homeless and living in the city of San Cristobal, Táchira State, when he started a deadly killing spree. Vargas claimed to have murdered and eaten up to 10 men between 1995 and 1999. He was arrested in February 1999, in the city of San Cristobal, near to the Colombian border and dubbed the “Hannibal Lecter of the Andes.”
In a country with few serial killers, the self-confessed cannibal Vargas has become a Venezuelan media darling. In an interview he said: “Sure I eat people, anyone can eat human flesh, but you have to wash and garnish it well to avoid diseases. I only eat the parts with muscles, particularly thighs and calves, which are my favorite. I make a very tasty stew with the tongue and I use the eyes to make a nutritious and healthy soup. Human meat is nice, but I also eat dogs, cats, and lizards.”
Dorangel Vargas said that he preferred the taste of men to women. He would not eat hands, feet, or testicles, “although I’ve been on the point of trying them on various occasions.” He also said that he rejected overweight men because they had too much cholesterol and elderly people because their flesh “is contaminated and very tough.” Some people have doubted his confessions. They speculate that Vargas may be a scapegoat for a ring of human organ traffickers. In 2012, Dorangel Vargas is in custody, but has not undergone a trial due to his mental capacity.
In 1868, Enriqueta Martí was born in Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Spain. As a young woman, Enriqueta moved to Barcelona where she worked as a maidservant and nanny, but soon turned to prostitution. Martí was described as a strange, false, and unpredictable woman. As she grew older, Enriqueta began to lead a double life. During the day, she dressed in rags, begged for food, and looked for abandoned children to kidnap. She would then make the children into prostitutes or murder them.
By night, Martí dressed in luxurious clothes, hats, and wigs, and attended the El Liceu, the Casino de la Arrabassada, and other places where the wealthy of Barcelona gathered. Enriqueta Martí was also a practicing witch-doctor who used the remains of her victims to make remedies. From these children, she used everything from their fat to blood, hair, and bones. For this reason, Martí did not have problems disposing of the bodies of her victims. She used the human meat to make black market medicines and food that wealthy people were willing to buy.
Enriqueta Martí was finally arrested in El Raval, mezzanine number 29 of Ponent Street (today Joaquín Costa Street). The forensic experts managed to differentiate a total of twelve different bodies with what little evidence they were able to recover. In her house, police found fifty pitchers, jars, and washbowls with preserved human remains, greasy lard, coagulated blood, children’s hair, skeletons of hands, powdered bones, pots with the potions, ointments, and salves already prepared for sale. In spite of suspicions, experts at the time were unable to verify if she was the deadliest serial killer in the history of Spain.
It is clear that Enriqueta Martí murdered a large collection of children in Barcelona before being caught. Additionally, the public suspected her of kidnapping babies. During this time in history, there were many children who disappeared without a trace in Spain, so much so that the population lived in fear. Enriqueta was never tried for her crimes. She died a year and three months after her arrest at the hands of prison mates. They killed her by lynching her on one of the prison patios. The death robbed authorities of the opportunity to expose all Martí’s secrets and gain information on her rich clients.
Yoo Young-chul is a South Korean serial killer and self-confessed cannibal. As a child, Young-chul was an animal mutilator and was convicted of killed dogs. He was an unexpected, unwanted baby, who lived in poverty with his father, a Vietnamese War veteran. Between 2003 and 2004, Yoo Young-chul murdered 21 people, mostly prostitutes and wealthy old men. He would assault the victims and murder them with a hammer. Young-chul would then decapitate the person and dump their head at a construction site. He mutilated at least 11 of his victims and ate their flesh and raw livers.
Yoo Young-chul’s acts have been deemed the worst serial killings in the history of Korea. When asked to explain his motives, Yoo said in front of a TV camera “Women shouldn’t be sluts, and the rich should know what they’ve done.” Young-chul was sentenced to death on June 19, 2005, by the Supreme Court and remains on death row in South Korea. His case fueled the debate on capital punishment in South Korea. It appeared that capital punishment might be abolished prior to his arrest, but support for the death penalty has grown since. South Korea is one of only four developed industrialized democracies that still have the death penalty (the others are the United States, Japan, and Taiwan).
In 1970, Alexander Spesivtsev was born in Kemerovo Oblast, Russia. He was raised in an abusive home and had a violent father. As an adult, Spesivtsev was convicted of murdering his girlfriend and committed to a psychiatric institution, but later released. In 1991, he began a deadly murder spree. Spesivtsev killed children he saw unfit or detrimental to society and was responsible for the murders of at least 19 street kids. He took the bodies back to his house, cooked them, and ate the meat with the help of his mother, Lyudmila. After news of the horrible crimes reached the Russian media they named Spesivtsev “The Cannibal of Siberia.”
Alexander Spesivtsev was captured in 1996 after a pipe broke near his home and forced neighbors to call a plumber. The problem was determined to be coming from Spesivtsev apartment. When nobody answered his door, the suspicious plumber opened it by force. He saw blood covering the walls and called the police. In his kitchen police discovered bowls with pieces of human flesh. In the bathtub they found a mutilated, headless body. A woman was found mutilated, but still alive on the sofa. She was taken to a hospital, where she was able to tell the public prosecutor about what had happened, but died seventeen hours later.
In the house, police discovered a diary which detailed the murder of nineteen girls, but Spesivtsev is generally suspected of having killed 80 people (because 80 different pieces of bloody clothing were found). On October 5, 1999, Spesivtsev was ruled insane by a Russian court and committed to a psychiatric hospital. He remains at the psychiatric hospital to this day. Lyudmila Spesivtsev denied any involvement in the murders, but was convicted as an accomplice and given thirteen years in prison. The case remains one of the worst examples of human cannibalism in Russian history.
In 1879, Fritz Haarmann was born in Hanover, Germany. He was a quiet child and shunned by many boys’ activities. Between 1918 and 1924, Haarmann committed at least 24 murders, although he is suspected of murdering a minimum of 27 people. Haarmann’s victims largely consisted of young male commuters, runaways and, occasionally, male prostitutes. Haarmann would lure the men back to his apartment for sex and then kill them by biting through their throats. For this reason, he has been labeled the “Vampire of Hanover.”
All of Haarmann’s victims were dismembered, partially eaten, and cut into sections before being discarded, usually in the Leine River. The meat of several victims was sold on the black market as canned pork. At the time, Haarmann was an active trader in the contraband meat market. On the night June 22, 1924, Fritz Haarmann was placed under surveillance by the police after they found numerous skeletal remains in the Leine River. He was observed trying to lure a young boy to his apartment and was arrested.
Fritz Haarmann quickly confessed to raping, killing, butchering, and cannibalizing young men since 1918. When asked how many he had killed, Haarmann claimed “somewhere between 50 and 70.” The trial of Haarmann was spectacular and one of the first major media events in Germany. The term “serial killer” had not yet been coined, and the public was at a loss for words to describe him. Haarmann was referred to as the “werewolf,” a “vampire,” and “The Wolf Man.” His trial lasted barely two weeks and Fritz Haarmann was found guilty of mass murder and sentenced to death. He was beheaded by guillotine on April 15, 1925. Haarmann’s last words were: “I repent, but I do not fear death.”
Ottis Toole was an American serial killer, arsonist, and cannibal. He was an accomplice of the convicted serial killer Henry Lee Lucas. Toole and Lucas admitted to hundreds of unsolved murders over the span of several decades. Unlike Henry Lee Lucas, Ottis Toole confessed to cannibalism and went into extreme detail about the act. From a young age, Ottis Toole was a serial arsonist who was sexually aroused by fire. In 1976, Toole met Henry Lee Lucas at a Jacksonville soup kitchen and the two developed a sexual relationship. Toole later claimed to have accompanied Lucas in 108 murders. In reality, Ottis Toole and Henry Lee Lucas helped police recover the bodies of 246 missing people and confessed to or implicated themselves in a further 430 murders.
Boiled Angel was an independent comic book by artist Mike Diana that contained graphic depictions of a variety of taboo and gory subject matters. In 1993, a copy of Boiled Angel #8 (or Ate) found its way into the hands of Florida Assistant State’s Attorney Stuart Baggish. Diana was subsequently charged with several counts of obscenity and convicted. Boiled Angel #8 included a tabloid article that is said to contain a graphic interview on cannibalism with Ottis Toole. The material is too obscene to discuss, but Toole goes into detail about cooking and eating humans with his homemade barbeque sauce. On September 15, 1996, at the age of 49, Ottis Toole died in his prison cell from liver failure. Twenty-seven years after the murder of Adam Walsh (son of John Walsh), authorities officially named Ottis Toole as the likely killer.
During the 19th century, the Fijian people were known around the world for ritualistic cannibalism. Udre Udre was a Fijian commoner. He holds the Guinness World Record for “most prolific cannibal.” Udre Udre reportedly ate between 872 and 999 people. He kept a stone for each body and the stones were placed alongside his tomb in Rakiraki, in northern Viti Levu after his death. According to Udre Udre’s son, the chiefs of Rakiraki would go to the battlefield along with Udre Udre and they would each give him every body part of their victims, especially the head. Udre Udre preserved the human remains and ate them. He believed that after he consumed the 1000th body, he would become immortal.
In 1945, Dennis Nilsen was born in Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Nilsen grew up in a well adjusted family and was loved as a child. From 1978 to 1983, Dennis Nilsen killed at least fifteen men and boys under gruesome circumstances. He was known to retain the corpses for sexual acts. Most of his victims were students or homeless men. Nilsen picked up the victims at bars or on the streets and brought them back to his house for sex. In the middle of the night, he strangled and drowned the victims.
Nilsen used his butchering skills to help him dispose of the bodies. The bodies were not immediately dismembered, but were kept, sometimes for several months, in different locations in his home, usually under the floorboards. Nilsen attempted to dispose of the bodies by boiling the heads, hands, and feet to remove the flesh and by chopping the entrails into small pieces and flushing them down the toilet. Disposal via the toilet, however, eventually blocked the flats’ drains. Nilsen’s murders were first discovered by Dyno-Rod, a drain cleaning company who responding to the blocked drain. The company found the drain was packed with a flesh-like substance and called the police.
After it was determined that the flesh was human, Dennis Nilsen was visited by Detective Chief Inspector Peter Jay. As Jay entered the house, he immediately smelled rotting flesh. He told Nilsen that his drains were filled with human remains. Nilsen responded: “Good grief, how awful!” Peter Jay said: “Don’t mess about, where’s the rest of the body?” Nilsen then calmly admitted that there were two plastic bags in his wardrobe with human remains. On the way back to the station, Nilsen was asked how many bodies there were talking about. He replied: “15 or 16, since 1978.” The British government has sealed a large amount of information in the case and Nilsen is currently categorized as not having consumed any human flesh, but this fact is controversial given the fact that he cooked the meat. For this reason, he has been placed as a bonus entry on this list.
There’s nothing more petty than losing friends over video games — but that doesn’t mean we haven’t all done it.
When you’re really into gameplay, it’s easy to let your emotions take hold of you. You may forget the times you’ve shared together IRL and instead focus on that extremely unfortunate blue shell hit in Mario Kart or how bad your friend is at drumming on Rock Band. And when that happens, you’re tempted to scream and shout and shut them out of both your Facebook and your real life. In a green shell: you hate the player and the game.
These games are probably the biggest catalysts of the sometimes-not-so-friendly fights you have at LAN parties — you’ve been warned.
2. This is the man behind the Spectacular Spider-Man.
Josh Keaton has given a voice to Spider-Man across many platforms, from television to video games but is most famous for his run as the web-slinger in the 2008 cartoon The Spectacular Spider-Man. So sure, this was a shameless plug — admitted by Keaton on his YouTube page — to get folks to watch reruns of his show, but it might be the best plug in Internet history.
A family that eats, lives, vacations, gossips, and prays together… Probably needs some therapy.
1. The gang of chachis whose life goal is to find the next piece of hot gossip.
Pulkit Datta / Via youtube.com
No, aunties, I don’t really want to discuss my sperm count with you.
2. The cousin who couldn’t keep a secret if his/her life depended on it.
Pulkit Datta / Via india-forums.com
“Oh, you didn’t want me to tell your mother that you’ve been smoking weed all day? Oops.”
3. Your kaka who always has booze on his breath, regardless of what time or day it is.
Queens of Comedy / Via amympoehler.co.vu
Looks like Uncle Patiala Peg showered with hooch again today.
4. Your younger cousin who does stupid things and invariably gets caught.
How Should We Put Bollywood Gently / Via howshouldweputbollywoodgently.tumblr.com
5. That one little chubby bumpkin of a brother who always knows how to get the party started.
Ellen / Via scrapbook.ellentv.com
Adorable now but the whole family prays that he grows up to lose all that weight and become “marriage material.”
6. Your bhua who splits her time equally between fattening you up, and telling you that you need to lose weight.
Pulkit Datta / Via eringeorgiana.wordpress.com
7. Your fufa who pretends to love the whole family but bitches behind everyone’s back.
Trash-talking my mother in front of me is totally appropriate, uncle ji.
8. Your dadi who is repeatedly shocked and traumatized by your lifestyle.
Pushy Indian Aunty / Via quickmeme.com
9. Your sister’s fiancé who acts like a tough guy around your family but is secretly terrified of everyone.
Just a hunch: Peeing in your pants every time you talk to your future in-laws is probably not a good way to gain their respect.
10. Your second cousin’s cousin who runs that shady business no one ever speaks about.
Indian Pet Shop / Via indianpetshop.tumblr.com
Um, what exactly do you alter?
11. Your tayi who is just never impressed by anything.
Hypervocal / Via hypervocal.com
Dear aunt grumpmaster senile, I’m genuinely sorry that the world isn’t all peachy and orderly like back when you were growing up… in the 1600s.
12. Your mama who will always question your life choices.
adityasfro / Via adityasfro.tumblr.com
No, uncle, being a freelance writer is not “a disease you catch from Umreekan people.”
13. Your grandmother’s brother who is suspiciously too happy and has no problem with anyone.
Future serial killer or current pot head. We’ll never know which.
14. The cheapskate uncle.
KoSong Cafe / Via kosongcafe.blogspot.com
Thanks, uncle. That’s, um, some practical advice.
15. Unrelated auntie who is determined to get you married and pesters you about random girls whom she thinks would be perfect life partners for you.
Pulkit Datta / Via indulgy.com
16. The nani who is always concerned about the family’s reputation and what people will say.
Pagal Guy / Via pagalguy.com
17. The competitive aunties.
Pulkit Datta / Via youtube.com
“Oh, your son just got into Harvard? Well, mine is being pursued by Harvard, Oxford, Princeton, IIM, Yale and Cambridge, all of whom are lining up to give sexual favors to get him to accept, all while he’s busy running his successful drug trade and offshore banking empire, and swatting off the most beautiful and richest female suitors, as he finishes his fifth bestselling young adult novel about a handsome and powerful Indian boy gifted with superpowers and who is eternally devoted to his ever-so-caring and amazing mother!”
18. The cousin who borrows everything but never returns any of it.
Giant Gag Official / Via 2014funnies.tumblr.com
You don’t remember borrowing my iPod and Playstation three months ago? Ok, then.
19. Your mami’s family who pretends they have no problems and live in perfect harmony.
Pulkit Datta / Via xo-monbon.tumblr.com
I would love to be a fly on the wall in their house!
20. The NRI chacha and chachi who have lived in Dubai for approximately 5 minutes and miraculously developed an American accent.
How Should We Put Bollywood Gently / Via howshouldweputbollywoodgently.tumblr.com
21. Your nana who will seize any opportunity to dismiss your problems and launch into a sermon about how easy your life is.
Ki Gandh Paya / Via ki-gandh-paya.tumblr.com
“In my day, we had to walk fifty kilometers to school every day. Barefoot. Through a forest. Fighting off hyenas. Going uphill. Both ways.”
22. The auntie who is convinced that you’re defective.
Milan’s Blog World / Via milanshahnaruto.blogspot.com
Aww shucks, auntie, you didn’t have to give me this home-made potion to cure the fertility problems you assume I have.
23. The one white person who married into your family and still isn’t trusted because your relatives think he’s plotting a colonial invasion.
Superb Gifs / Via superbgifs.tumblr.com
Your British friends would love to visit India? Where have we heard that before!
24. Your bhua’s annoying son who insists on asking the most invasive, awkward questions in the most public ways.
Meherbaan Hua / Via meherbaan-hua.tumblr.com
At gun point if you were forced to STFU would you be able to?
25. … And your chacha ki biwi ke mausa ki behen ke pati ka bhatija ki nani ki poti ke kutta ka padosi ke bhai ki sauteli-maa ki bhabhi ki bhanji ka doosra bhai who sends you a friend request. Which you accept.
This year’s E3 showed off a myriad of new technology intended to enhance our gaming experiences. The impending release of two powerful next generation gaming consoles this holiday season means games are going to become more advanced.
These advancements will not only improve the quality of the games’ looks onscreen, but also allow them to interact with the players unlike ever before. From motion controls to second-screen gaming, E3 offered a glimpse of the bright, innovative future to come in gaming.
Of all the technology on display, we’ve highlighted the five trends we expect to change gaming in the next few years or so. See something we missed? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
1. Motion Controls Get Smarter
While Nintendo’s Wii pioneered motion controls for gaming and Microsoft’s Kinect brought a whole body sensor to the Xbox 360, the current offerings on the market are far from perfect. Motion controls are often gimmicky or added in unnecessarily. Additionally, Kinect’s camera often requires exaggerated movements to follow the player’s action.
Microsoft’s new Kinect for the Xbox One is much more precise than the demos shown at E3. Microsoft’s tech demo showed how it could detect more precise movements. In order to raise your shields and deflect bullets during a first-person shooter style match, you would simply tilt the controller upward. To activate your night vision goggles, you would tap the side of your head, and simply tilt your body left or right to literally lean around corners.
“We tried to make the motions more natural to what a gamer would do,” Yusef Mehdi, Microsoft’s corporate vice president of marketing and strategy for Interactive Entertainment Business branch, told Mashable.
This may include any natural moves by intense gamers. For example, in a racing game, a player might lean his body into the turns, which this upgraded Kinect would detect.
Harmonix, a company adept at working with the Kinect for its Dance Central games, showed how motion controls could operate in a more abstract way during the demonstration of its upcoming title Fantasia: Music Evolved. In the game, players conduct music with motions, enhancing the world around them. It’s a unique game, and we haven’t seen a control scheme quite like it before.
2. The Evolved Second Screen
At this year’s E3, we saw more second-screen integration from not only console makers, but also from game publishers.
Microsoft revealed much more information on the interaction between tablets running SmartGlass and Xbox One games. In Roman action-adventure game Ryse, for example, players can use tablets to watch friends’ concurrent progress through different levels, along with videos of their conquests. In Xbox One’s Project Spark, a game-creation game, players can use tablets in concert with the controller to create your game world.
Publisher Ubisoft released two titles with their own apps designed for tablets, both which added value for players. In Assassin’s Creed IV: Black Flag, an Android and iOS app functions like a GPS device, allowing players to use it as a map in-game for their quests. When the game isn’t running, the app allows players to send their fleet to quests while they’re not playing.
Tom Clancy’s The Division is a multiplayer, third-person action game that challenges players to control a pandemic in New York. The drop-in/drop-out co-op allows for players to quickly join one another’s games, and also allows for players to join via tablet. That tablet player operates a drone in the game, which can aid its team by marking enemies for takedown, healing allies and surveying the area well. It’s impressive because the player on the tablet is actually taking part in a real-time game session.
Of course, the Wii U tried to bring this idea to fruition last year with its touchscreen GamePad controller. While third-party games take full advantage of the screen’s ability to convey extra information to the player, the screen hasn’t been very widely adopted. Some of Nintendo’s newer first-party titles use the feature frequently, such as in The Legend of Zelda: Wind Waker Wii U remake, which uses the GamePad screen to swap items rather than forcing the user to pause the game to access a menu.
3. Virtual Reality
Developers have only been working on Oculus Rift for a few months, but already the virtual reality headset shows promise in creativity. Virtual reality often feeks like a gaming pipe dream hallmarked by goofy accessories and poorly functioning technology — but that’s about to change.
Oculus Rift creator Palmer Lucky said his company has come a long way since last year’s E3, when the headset was only being shown off by former id Software co-founder John Carmack. With 10,000 developer kits in the wild (and more shipping), creators from all backgrounds have been working on virtual reality games, and now, Oculus Rift is working with some of the most commonly used engines such as Unreal 4 and Unity.
We played five or six Oculus Rift games at E3. The biggest of note was EVR, created by CCP Games, the makers of EVE Online. This space fighting game was only a tech demo, according to CCP developers, but it still demonstrated the awesome, immersive power of virtual reality.
Other indie titles featuring the Oculus Rift were playable at the IndieCade booth, and each provided a different take on the benefits of virtual reality. Soundself, a game created by Robin Arnott, focused on meditative chanting; the player’s tonal hums made the dizzying spirals in front of his eyes spin and pulse along with the sounds he made.
Oculus Rift continues to expand. The company announced Monday that it received $16 million in venture funding to continue hardware development, and OculusVR showed off its new HD Rift at E3 — a first for the platform.
4. Game DVR and Streaming
Both Sony and Microsoft have recognized that gamers want to share their content, so they integrated methods in the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One to simplify a previously complicated process. Both consoles feature the ability to broadcast gameplay live with minimal work; the Xbox One streams to Twitch, while the PS4 sends live video to Ustream. Both consoles also capture gameplay continuously via game DVR, and both allow players to edit and share key moments with friends.
5. Cloud Computing
Console makers have turned to cloud computing as a way to extend the life of gaming consoles and ensure players get more out of the hardware in their living rooms. Instead of the console acting as the entire workhorse for processing, some will be handled by remote servers.
This isn’t a new idea to gaming. The now-defunct OnLive started a few years ago on the premise that players could harness server power to play a wide variety of games that weren’t on their home computers — and it wasn’t the only company working on that idea. In 2010, Sony purchased streaming company GaiKai, and its technology is now helping power the PlayStation 4’s cloud services.
Sony detailed streaming in its February press conference, sharing that it would be used to eventually bring older PlayStation games to the next-generation console (which are currently incompatible due to radical architecture changes from previous generations). Sony also plans to use cloud computing to allow PlayStation 4 games to stream on the handheld PlayStation Vita.
In an Xbox One demo, Microsoft software engineers harnessed the console’s internal processor to render 40,000 of the asteroids in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, displaying their movement in real time. Then, they showed that with help from Microsoft’s 300,000 servers, the Xbox One could render 330,000 asteroids in that same belt. The engineer explained that this technology could make games look better, increase the map size and decrease load times.
These technologies are the biggest examples of trends found at this year’s E3, but they aren’t the only ones. Gaming is evolving rapidly with the launch of new consoles, new players getting involved in the field and the rise of mobile gaming. I’m sure we’ll see great things in the future, even as soon as next year’s conference.
Image by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images
By the mid 1990′s, people were more comfortable with technology. Granted, things were just getting started, but people were ready for technology to change their world. More and more people were using cell phones, and kids were being raised with video games and computers in school.
In just 1994, a nerdy think tank were already predicting a world were people used tablet computers to read the newspaper. It’s scary that they hit the nail right on the head exactly. The video is being shared on Gawker.
Read more: https://imgflip.com/i/9k3vd
Update, July 1st, 2013: An account linked to Adam Lanza reveals an obsession with a first-person shooter called Combat Arms.
Adam Lanza was a gamer.
This fact has been reported, re-reported, and rehashed to the extent that it’s now part of the killer’s capsule bio: Young. White. Male. Asperger’s. Loner. Gamer. This was predictable — not just that this young, withdrawn man played games, as so many do, or that they were violent, as so many are, but also that this detail would capture people’s attention; that the media would repeat it in an insinuating way, and that it would make the public uneasy. My son plays those games. My son loves those games. I play those games.
Even more predictable, though, was this response:
And it’s a response I understand. I remember the misinformed coverage of music and games after Columbine, and I’ve had heated email exchanges with the anti-game crusader Jack Thompson, who once led the closest thing this country has ever had to a cohesive anti-game lobby. I’ve felt defensive about this before, both as a child demanding access to what were in retrospect completely inappropriate games, and as an adult who plays and is paid to occasionally write about them. I feel a hint of defensiveness now too, and cringe at conclusion-jumping like this:
But this discussion has become stale and repetitive, and the knee-jerk defensiveness of gamers and games writers has become dogma. Hashing out the same gamers-as-victim fantasy — which was constructed at a time when gaming really was a fragile subculture, not a $50 billion-plus industry — seems both absurd and insensitive in the shadow of real, and heartbreakingly pure, victimhood.
Take this, from The Inquisitr:
The saying “guns don’t kill people, people kill people” comes to mind in this instance. Video games don’t kill people; people kill people. In fact, the most deadly school massacre in the United States occurred in 1927 at the Bath School in Bath Township, Michigan. No video games were available in 1927, yet 45 children aged 7 to 14 lost their lives.
This line may have made sense in the ’90s, when Doom — a proudly violent and necessarily unrealistic game — was questionably labeled as a “murder simulator” and blamed outright for multiple school shootings. But today, it has a disingenuous ring to it.
Our understanding of the relationship between media and violence has become more nuanced since the early days of the first person shooter (update: for those of you who don’t want to follow the link, it describes a *lack* of proven link between gaming and murder, internationally).
In the meantime, real, existential threats against the gaming industry, in the media, and in Washington, have faded away.
And in response, the gaming industry has grown more brazen and complacent — in those last few years before Thompson’s humiliating disbarment, as gaming went well and fully mainstream, emboldened developers raced to create the most offensive games possible. They had won, and it was time to gloat. I remember the bizarre resurrection of the infamous Postal franchise, Postal 2, a game that let you urinate on other characters until they vomited. The game cheekily encouraged players to terrorize Habib’s stereotypically appointed corner store, and gave players a can of gasoline, matches, and (wink!) a captive room of dancing gay men. I remember Soldier of Fortune, a game that proudly advertised part-by-part bodily destruction in character models. You could blow off arms and legs, or hollow out opponents’ guts.
Games like Postal 2 and the Soldier of Fortune series were not representative of the industry as a whole and were clearly intended to offend, so it was easy for defensive gamers to deflect criticism — these were niche titles, after all. But Grand Theft Auto 3 was not a niche title, nor were any of its wildly successful follow-ups. The Battlefield and Call of Duty series have become some of the most successful entertainment franchises in history. Much of the deliberate provocation of the early 2000s has become standard in the world’s top-selling (and far more realistic) games. Modern Warfare II’s notorious airport massacre scene drew criticism, of course. But the next sequel in the franchise became the fastest selling game in history.
All this is to say that while uninformed anti-game sensationalism may be unproductive, gamers’ reflexive defensiveness is worse. It’s prevented us from having a meaningful conversation about an industry that is emotionally and morally stunted, where per-title revenue can dwarf even the most successful films of all time but which seems immune from discussions of taste and artistic merit. A higher-up at one of the largest game publishers in the world once confided in me that when his bosses showed him early footage from a popular first-person shooter produced by another studio in the company, he couldn’t bring himself to watch to the end.
It’s not crazy to feel uneasy that young men’s most influential entertainment products, the cultural touchstones they do and will reminisce about in adulthood, are built around the premise of empathizing with a man with a gun in his hand, who kills not in the crudely symmetrical and grim manner of war but gleefully commits mass slaughter. These games become more like action movies with each passing technological generation, approaching photorealism and pulling players into actual, active theaters of war. These are first-person games with first-person narratives, differentiated from films only by a lack of distinction between viewer and protagonist.
Historically, it’s easy to see how the industry ended up here, how one mega-hit FPS franchise led to another, then another, then another. But that doesn’t make these games any easier to defend on their merits — and it doesn’t mean that this is the games industry we necessarily want. These games are cultural monuments to violence; they are about killing and being killed, and sometimes little more. I’ve played and enjoyed plenty of them, and I imagine I’ll keep doing so. But to dismiss outright worries about what these games are, and why people enjoy them, is a lazy cop out.
We can let ourselves feel guilty as we play these games, and talk about why that might be. We can allow ourselves to wonder what it means that members of Seal Team Six were disciplined by the Navy for divulging classified information in a video game consultation. We can freely ask if these games have any causal force when it comes to violence, or if they’re just a reflection of the culture of a country that’s been at war for a solid decade.
We can feel free to acknowledge that the thought of truly violent and insane people playing and enjoying games about killing makes the stomach churn, in the same way we might be discomforted to find out a killer enjoyed beloved but violent movies. We can stop obsessing over the media blaming the games industry — it hasn’t had real consequences in this country before, and it’s doubtful that it will anytime soon — and take a moment to consider what’s it’s become, and what it should be. This is good. And so is this.
Most of all, we can let the media say it loud and clear: Adam Lanza played games. Probably violent ones. Stating that fact is not a problem. Pretending that it doesn’t — or rather, absolutely can’t — tell us anything about a person? That is.
1. Being happy.
Very happy people have sex 10 more times per year than unhappy people, according to a 2008 study.
2. Playing video games.
According to a poll by market research firm Harris Interactive, women who play video games are more likely to have sex at least once a week than women who don’t. Also, a majority — 64% — of the female gamers surveyed were in serious relationships.
3. Being spiritual.
Spirituality, as distinct from religiousness, appears to affect sexual behavior, according to a 2009 study. Specifically, the study found that young women whose spirituality manifested itself as a feeling of “connectedness” to others had more sex with more partners than those who felt less “connected.” Unfortunately, women who felt very connected were also less likely to use condoms. Spirituality affected men differently — men who were very spiritual actually had less sex.
4. A healthy heart.
Research shows that cardiovascular disease can contribute to male and female sexual dysfunction, so taking care of your heart can also improve your sex life. It goes both ways — having frequent sex also decreases your risk of a heart attack.
5. Doing housework.
A study made a big splash earlier this year with the finding that men who did fewer traditionally female chores had more sex. But previous research has found that in general, men and women who do more housework also have more sex. And women whose male partners help more with housework may be more satisfied with their relationships, also leading to more sex. So start ironing bacon, everybody.
Vigorous exercise seems to be especially helpful. In a 1990 study, sedentary men who started an exercise program all reported more and better sex, but the ones who did aerobic exercise had a bigger improvement than the ones who just walked. Another study found that working out vigorously made women’s bodies more responsive to sexy stimuli (the study authors used a porn movie).
7. Being hot.
This apparently only works for men, though. According to one researcher, men who are very good-looking report more sex partners in their lives than more average dudes; the reverse is true for women. It’s worth noting, though, that more partners doesn’t necessarily mean more sex — also, people don’t always tell the truth about this stuff to researchers.
8. Being hot (literally).
A survey sponsored by Trojan found that people in warm cities like Miami have more sex than those in colder ones. But they’re still more likely to abstain when the weather gets insanely hot. Slate’s Explainer hypothesizes that “pleasant-to-bearable heat” may be most conducive to sex.
9. Traveling with your partner.
In a recent survey, 77% of couples who travel together reported a good sex life, compared with 63% of couples who didn’t. Caveat: The survey was commissioned by the U.S. Travel Association.