In an appearance on “The Tonight Show” on Wednesday, Kristen Wiig impersonated “Bachelorette” contestant JoJo Fletcher in the most perfect way.

Wearing a beige, blinged-out gown and a perfectly curled brown wiig (get it?), the 42-year-old SNL alum made all of us actually want to watch “The Bachelorette”again — if only Kristen Wiig could be the one to date a bunch of dudesnext time around. While she certainly had her look down pat, Wiig knew next to nothing about the show itself, which made her bit with Jimmy Fallon all the more hilarious.

One of the funniest moments? When Fallon asks her to reveal some secrets about the famous fantasy suite, Wiig says they “kiss a little” and “sometimes we rub each other.” She goes on to say that some of it’s faked because it’s TV and there are fountains in the hotel rooms.

But the best part comes when Fallon brings out pictures of her final four bachelors. Kristen Wiig — er, JoJo — completely botches their names and the moment is almost too good to be true.

Watch the clip above to see some of the hilarious interview for yourself.

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Read more: http://elitedaily.com/entertainment/kristen-wiig-impression-bachelorette-jojo-fletcher/1553903/

Censorship and suppression of public speech and expression has been a big problem for many decades now. From films to magazines, music lyrics to TV shows and video games, there have been many cases where the authorities have gone to great lengths to ban or control into whose hands these products have ended up. Here is a list of 25 video games that got banned for insanely absurd reasons.

25. Far Cry 3

Far Cry 3 is by far the best game of the series (I am only being fair here), but if you live in Indonesia, please don’t go looking for it because you won’t find it. According to the authorities the game portrays life in Indonesia as similar to living in hell and, yes, it can be viewed as such since things like disease, starvation, and plague are some of the game’smain themes.

24. Postal 2

Postal 2 was banned in both Brazil and New Zealand for gross, abhorrent content such as urination, animal cruelty, homophobia, racism, and ethnic stereotyping among other little things. However, the game’s developers took the whole thing lightheartedly and assured that a “careful” gamer (whatever that means) could play the game without conforming to any of its sick content. Who’s kidding whom here? We will probably never know.

23. KZ Manager

KZ Manager was banned in Germany and won the award for the “Most Unnecessary Game of the Year” at the 2001 IGN Awards. To be honest, we can understand the reasoning behind the ban; see, to play this game you have to become a Nazi concentration camp manager where the “resources” to be managed include prisoners who are either Jews or Gypsies. What the hell was the developer thinking?

22. Tom Clancy’s Splinter Cell: Pandora Tomorrow

This game was banned in Indonesia because it includes a fictional terrorist group named Darah dan Doa, which translates to “Blood and Prayer” in English. Oddly enough, the country’s president considered the whole thing a direct threat to him and his people so the game was banned immediately.

21. Homefront

In Homefront the gamer has to fight against a fictional North Korean military occupation of the US. The reason this game was banned in South Korea might sound crazy to most of us in the West, but we all have to admit that living below North Korea is no joke and allowing such a game on the market might upset Kim Jong-un who loves his nuclear weapons a little too much.

20. Saints Row 4

What we’ve learned with Saints Row 4 is how incredibly conservative Australia can be, at least when it comes to video games. Apparently, the game features a weapon with the bizarre name “alien anal probe” and this is the reason the game was banned, because it “obviously” promotes sexual violence.

19. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas

Ironically, the fact that this game is filled with graphic violence, drugs, and guns didn’t bother the Indonesian authorities at all, but the protagonist CJ’s “no pants” dance with his girlfriend did and is why the game was banned there, while in the “progressive” United States the game received an “Adults Only” rating. Funny people!

18. Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2

Well this game wasn’t technically banned, but it was edited to the point that the original doesn’t look much like the Russian version. See, the Russian mission that one could play in the original was removed and everyone’s happy now in Russia. Putin doesn’t want Russian gamers shooting other Russians, even in a fictional, digital “reality.”

17. Football Manager 2005

You’re probably wondering how football (soccer), in videogame form no less, could ever be banned in somewhere and for what reason. Well, in China recognizing Tibet as an independent nation, even in a sporting event, is a very bad thing so the game was banned as soon as the Chinese authorities found out about it. An edited version was later released worldwide where Tibet wasn’t included as an independent nation and China reconsidered in good faith.

16. Manhunt 2

Both IGN and UGO Entertainment included this game in their top 10 lists of “The Most Controversial Video Games Ever,” while it was ranked first in Gameranx’s list of the “Top 25 Goriest Games of all Time.” However, the uncut version became the first and only game to be refused classification by the British Board of Film Classification(therefore banned), due to excessive violence, a decision that shocked and disappointed the vast majority of British gamers.

15. The Darkness

The Xbox 360 version of this game was originally banned in Singapore because it was thought to be excessively violent and truthfully, there’s nothing wrong with that. Where things get a little cheeky is that shortly after, the ban was lifted for the PlayStation 3 version for some mysterious reason. Let’s be honest here—Sony just paid better, didn’t they?

14. Command & Conquer: Generals

This is one of the weirdest cases and we still can’t understand why China banned this game. The official excuse was that Command & Conquer: Generals portrayed the country in a “negative light” which, to be honest, confused us even more since anyone who has played the game knows that China is portrayed as the good guys and one of the world’s superpowers. Maybe the Chinese interpreter sucked at the game and lied to the Chinese government on purpose? We can’t think of any other logical explanation.

13. Battlefield 4

Battlefield 4 picked the Pakistani army as the bad guys at some stage of the game and as expected under such circumstances, the game was banned there. However, the surprise here wasn’t that the game was banned, but that the consequences for selling or playing the game include jail time and community service. Relax guys… it’s onlya game!

12. The Guy Game

The Guy Game made history when it became one of the very few games in American history to get banned. The reason? Much of the game involves watching live-action video footage of sexy women in bikinis, and as the player succeeds in the game the women eventually expose their breasts, which is strangely against the existing pornography laws in the US, where ironically you can get very easy access to boobies in pretty much every hip-hop video and blockbuster film.

11. BlazBlue: Continuum Shift

Let’s get things straight here, BlazBlue: Continuum Shift is just another fighting game a la Street Fighter and Mortal Combat but its copies were violently pulled off store shelves in the United Arab Emirates and several other countries in the Middle East because the local authorities felt that the game’s characters were too raunchy and that their costumes revealed too much flesh. Oh yes!

10. Every Shooting Video Game In Venezuela

In November 2009, the government of Venezuela announced that it would ban all video games in which the objective was to shoot people, and they made sure to keep their promise a few months later. The ban was due to widespread violence in the country. That made Venezuela the first country to ban all violent video games thus making their manufacturing, distribution, selling, rental, exhibition, and use illegal there. Hugo Chávez didn’t play around!

9. Pokemon Trading Card Game

The Pokemon Trading Card Game was banned in Saudi Arabia because the cards supposedly promoted and supported Zionism. According to the mufti, the highest religious authority in the state, the cards have symbols that include the Star of David, which according to the mufti, is connected to international Zionism and is Israel’s national emblem. Nothing can shock us much more after this.

8. Three Sisters’ Story

This Japanese visual novel for your PC, which looks more like digital manga art than a traditional video game, was banned in New Zealand because it supposedly promoted and supported the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes. An incomprehensibly harsh decision, not to say comical, especially when you take into account the kind of sexual content you can be exposed watching a blockbuster film in the theater or on TV.

7. Tom Clancy’s Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2

It seems like this Tom Clancy series know how to get attention and Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 got in hot water and eventually banned in Mexico for the offensive, stereotypical portrayal of Mexican rebels who are depicted as the antagonists. Furthermore, the game negatively stereotyped the city of Chihuahua, which was what led to the ban in the first place. However, the game can be found in the stores of other Mexican states, which means that the ban was only local.

6. Counter-Strike

In 2008 the Brazilian federal court ordered the prohibition of all sales of the game because, in their opinion, the game “brings imminent stimulus to the subversion of the social order, attempting against the democratic and rightful state and against the public safety.” To sum it up, the local Brazilian authorities reacted to a character in the game who uses a map that simulates a favela, aka a Brazilian ghetto.

5. RapeLay

First off, let’s make it clear that RapeLay was appropriately banned in several countries worldwide since it’s one of the sickest video games in history. To get an idea how disturbing this game is, the gamer’s mission is to stalk and rape a mother and her two daughters. However, what shocked us even more is the reason it was banned for good in Argentina: apparently the main issue according to the Argentinian authorities was that one of the two daughters appeared to be underage. So the question is: If all the women in the game were over eighteen then it would be legit to sell it on the open market?

4. Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City

This game was banned in Brazil because it apparently uses music by a Brazilian composer, Hamilton da Silva Lourenço, without permission. Not sure if that benefited Lourenço’s album sales in any way, but we are pretty sure that the man gained many haters in Brazil who are diehard video gamers.

3. Mass Effect

When you first hear that a blatantly disturbing scene of a lesbian encounter between an alien and a human is included in this game, you fully realize why this game was banned in Singapore. Oddly, the fact that an alien was having sex with a human wasn’t the reason for the ban but rather the lesbian action. Homophobic much in Singapore?

2. God of War

Saudi Arabian theocracy is above everything and anything of lesser substance in life, such as video games that include the name “God” in the title, which is considered an extreme blasphemy in the country, and thus an excellent reason for any game with the word in it to be banned there. Additionally, the game’s developers are permanently prohibited from ever entering the country or there will be blood. You get the point, right?

1. EA Sports MMA

Scandinavian countries are known for being really progressive and socially open-minded but they showed no tolerance for this game and banned it for the most ridiculous reason you could imagine. And no, the game wasn’t banned for excessive bloody violence as one might suspect but for marketing specific energy drinks, which is surprisingly against Danish law.

Read more: http://list25.com/25-video-games-that-got-banned-for-insanely-absurd-reasons/

DRAW ME LIKE ONE OF YOUR SUPER-POWERED GIRLS.

1. Kevin Wada

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Known For: She-Hulk, Covers

2. Fiona Staples

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Known For: Saga, Mystery Society

3. Phil Noto

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Known For: Black Widow

4. Jamie McKelvie

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Known For:The Wicked and The Divine, Young Avengers, Phonogram

5. Ronald Wimberly

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Known For: She-Hulk, John Constantine (covers), Dead Letters (covers)

6. John “Roc” Upchurch

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Known For: Rat Queens

7. Becky Cloonan

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Known For: American Virgin, Demo, Batman

8. Lee Garbett

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Known For: Loki: Agent of Asgard, Batgirl, Batman:RIP

9. Kate Leth

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Known For: Bravest Warriors, Adventure Time

10. Ming Doyle

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Known For: Mara

11. Gabriel Ba

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Known For: Casanova, Daytripper, The Umbrella Academy

12. Fabio Moon

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Known For: Casanova, Daytripper, B.P.R.D. 1947

13. Annie Wu

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Known For: Hawkeye

14. Rodin Esquejo

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Known For: Mind The Gap, Morning Glories

15. Bryan Lee O’Malley

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Known For: Scott Pilgrim Vs. The World, Seconds

16. Sara Pichelli

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Known For: Ultimate Comics Spider-Man, Guardians of the Galaxy, Runaways

17. Afua Richardson

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Known For: Genius

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/kmallikarjuna/comic-book-artists-you-should-follow-on-instagram

First off, let me state that this review and everything within it are purely my own opinions and does not represent the views of anyone I know or company that I work with/ for (I’m just a big nerd/ Superman fan). It does contain spoilers to the film, “Man of Steel.” Please do not read if you do not wish to know any of those spoilers before you’ve seen the film.

Via Warner Bros. Entertainment

I will go on record as saying that I am probably one of the biggest Superman fans of all time, and it’s well known amongst all who know me (I make it known. haha). From comics to shirts to mugs to posters to movies to shows, I have them all. There’s even a picture of me somewhere as a kid wearing tighty-whities and a blanket around my neck, ready to fly. All of this and the infusion of my love for films and you can see the amount of anticipation that I have for “Man of Steel.”

I won’t lie, when the film ended, I wasn’t as blown away and satisfied as I thought/ hoped I would be. Don’t get me wrong, I thought it was an amazing and action-packed film. It was a great reintroduction and reinterpretation of the character for the modern audience. However, it was missing something.. and after a few days (and much thought), I realized what was missing was embracing that the main character was Superman. I didn’t feel like this was a Superman movie, more like a movie inspired by Superman. The suit was there. They showed (most of) his powers. The classic characters were there. Yet, it just didn’t feel fully like a Superman movie. But… maybe that has to do with me and my history with Superman. I mean… to be fair, my expectations were beyond anything you could have imagined (like seriously, think of the highest expectations ever… and then go beyond that). This is how I felt for probably a day after watching the film, but it kept gnawing at me… why did I feel this way? And then it all clicked for me.

Growing up, I’ve experienced many variations of Superman through countless comics, TV, and films. When I was a kid, it was the classic Fleischer cartoons and a little while later, I discovered the classic films starring (who many believe to be) the definitive Superman, then moved onto Dean Cain’s portrayal in “Lois and Clark: the Adventures of Superman” as an early teen, after that came the animated series on KidsWB, getting older and into my teenage/ college years it was all about “Smallville” before the (disappointing) Superman Returns. Finally, as an adult, I’ve been presented with this latest reboot known as “Man of Steel.” Going through so many versions and variations of this iconic character that has meant so much to me, it’s not surprising that I have my own “rules” about what or rather… who Superman should be (and I won’t even mention comic book Superman because there are so many amazing different stories and universes within that medium alone). That’s my investment, and I feel like that’s the same for everyone else. We each have our own very specific ideas and even, special relationship, about what makes up this hero of all heroes. Unless it’s the specific one in each of our minds, it won’t be completely fulfilling. It’s because Supes means too much to us.

For me, I don’t believe I’ll ever be fully satisfied with any Superman film unless it’s one that is born out of my vision. It is my goal/ dream to one day direct a Superman film. I was actually happy that I haven’t encountered the “perfect” Superman film yet because if I did, there’d be no point in me telling my version of this super man in a long, red cape – it would already exist. That being said, this is Zack Snyder/ David Goyer/ Christopher Nolan’s version of Superman. There were/are complaints about how this is a much more sci-fi film than a traditional superhero film, and yes, that’s true. They wanted to approach the film in as grounded of a way as possible and ask what if Superman literally existed with us right here and right now? From a scientific standpoint, how would that be possible? Literally and logically, how would that work and come to be? Scientifically speaking, there are high chances that there are other lifeforms somewhere in that vast ocean of stars up there, but it’s fiction because Krypton does not necessarily exist (that we know of anyway). Superman has always been an alien from another planet, another immigrant who finds his way here to be like us without ever being able to actually be “one of us.”

There have been quite a few reviews and comments about how this film is “cold” or “sad” which is apparently “not what a Superman film should be” because apparently it should be more “fun.” (But come on, that scene where one of the jerks Clark runs into at a bar gets his truck demolished? Hilarious and fun.) Well, I’m glad that it wasn’t just another “fun” entertaining summer blockbuster that had no real intensity, no real meat to the story (like “The Avengers” in my opinion). What I’ve loved about Nolan’s Batman trilogy and the way that Warner Bros. and DC Entertainment have approached this film is that they wanted to make it a strong artistic piece of work comparable to any award-nominated drama out there. They make their characters these people that you can really look into and see their flaws, and that they’re actually human at heart. Don’t get me wrong, I was entertained by “The Avengers,” but after I left the theater, there was no discussion or discourse needed. I went in, had a fun time, left, and that was that. “Man of Steel” has forced me to really examine and discuss not necessarily what I think about Superman but through using this character/ this film as a vehicle, really, what my ideas are about morality and what it means to be human. And that’s the beautiful thing about what this film has done is that it’s made so many people do that as well, it’s created real thought and conversation, impassioned words at that, whether positive or negative. (Most) people are actually taking this film seriously. (To think, a superhero/ “comic book movie” has caused this sort of discourse). I think that’s such a great thing and came to realize that even with a more serious tone, this film was and still is ultimately about hope. Hope is not always whimsical and happy or at least, the path to find it isn’t always an easy one. At times, it may take sacrifice and pain in order to truly understand the power of hope.

The biggest (and easily most-discussed) part of the film is when Superman is forced to kill General Zod at the end of their battle. I have always felt that Superman does not kill. He always finds an alternative option because he is meant to represent an ideal of what humankind should be like, more than we are. Apparently, a lot of other people feel the same as well, but let me tell you why (at least in my humble opinion) this ending works. Throughout the entire film, Clark/ Superman has always taken the higher ground (whether that’s when he was a kid getting harassed by those jocks or even as an adult working at a bar and seeing someone getting harassed). He’s always found out a way in those situations to pick the other path, but Zod was different. Here you have (with no other known way of stopping) someone who is equally, if not physically stronger and more militaristically cunning than Superman. Zod (as he stated himself) has been created to become a warrior whose whole definition of being is to preserve the ideals of Krypton and that’s it. After Superman “takes that objective” away, he has no other reason to live for except to destroy the person who took that away from him. His goal became to destroy Superman and everything he held close to his heart. As Superman was holding onto Zod, watching as he was about to incinerate those innocent bystanders, he knew he had no other choice. Think about it, even if he were to throw him a mile away and delay the destruction for a bit, Zod would not stop. He would keep going and cause more and more destruction and pain, and (as presented in the context of the film), there was no prison (aside from the Phantom Zone which was gone by then), object (kryponite does exists as of yet), or other way that anyone knew of within the universe of the film that could hold him at bay. There remained only one option that could stop him… Superman had to kill Zod. He had to make the toughest choice he’s ever had to make (maybe aside from sacrificing his father) because this is again coming from someone who has always taken the other road. People make it sound as though it was just this easy thing that he did and then felt fine about, but it wasn’t, it was his sacrifice and doing something that no one else could do because he had to in order to PROTECT (and this is in response to Mark Waid’s piece regarding the film) mankind. Most of the time, in reality (where this film is based) there is no third option, and the hard choice has to be made. I think it really is from that one action that he would do whatever it takes to not have to make a decision like that ever again. Superman will from here on out find another way even if there is no other because he knows what it is like to take a life.

With that, I know, maybe Snyder’s version is not necessarily “your Superman” and you know what, he’s not completely mine neither. I really do believe this is a great reinvention of this character for this current generation. It holds no feeling of need to be beholden to anything that came before it because they literally created this film as if no others came before. They went at it with no rule book. They created their version of Superman for the 21st century, and I fully respect them for it. The filmmakers did their job, and now, as the audience, we need to do ours. We need to be okay with the fact that this is Superman, just as Christopher Reeve’s Superman is Superman or Tom Welling’s is allowed to be Superman as well. We need to be okay with loving our own versions of this character so much that we can put aside the those films and stories that came before, at least enough so that we are giving this newest incarnation of the character an opportunity to be a part of this incredible lexicon – to be Superman. He may stumble, he may fall, but in time, he can accomplish wonders.

Via Warner Bros. Entertainment

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/klpro/why-man-of-steel-is-the-superman-film-of-the-21s-74bj

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/donnad/this-iconic-photo-was-a-pr-stunt-and-other-links

Racism seems to rear its ugly head at Donald Trump rallies and for some its no surprise, as Trump himself has fueled the flames by blasting Latinos and boasting that they will be paying for the enormous wall he wants to build.

A tatted up, muscle bound bro from Arizona was captured on video recently outside of a Phoenix rally. Hes a proud American he proclaims, and he had a message for the Mexican protesters: Go fucking make my tortilla, motherfucker and build that fucking wall for me!The bro was clearly amped up, shouting his love for Trump, and his country, while telling the protesters how he could take ten of them on at once, and also what he would do to their families! Sometimes its not Trump himself that is the scary one, but some of his supporters!

Check out this dude’s roid filled epic rant, and let us know what you think of it in the comments section on Facebook!

Read more: http://damn.com/donald-trump-supporter-tells-mexicans-to-make-my-tortilla-in-racist-rant/

N64 Music Video

N64 Music Video

The XBox 1 and PS4 may be all the rave this year, but back in 1996 there was only one system every geek dreamed of for Christmas. 

The Nintendo 64. 

UPROXX traveled back in time to celebrate and remember one of the great systems of all time with this outrageous N64 music video

 

Read more: http://www.viralviralvideos.com/2013/12/24/n64-music-video/

Mashreads-on-ibook

We’re two weeks into the first MashableReads selection, and we have even more exciting news to share. To make finding our next MashableReads picks even easier for you, we’re launching our book club today on Apple‘s iBookstore.

Instead of scouring our website to make sure you didn’t miss an announcement, just check the MashableReads book club page on iBooks. If you have an e-reader, you can purchase the book right then and there.

We also put our heads together and chose eight additional books recommendations for your free time — because who couldn’t use more awesome books to read? Each selection is unique and offers completely different experiences. From the surrealist parallel universe of 1Q84 to discussions on artificial intelligence in Ulysses, you’ll be engaged and challenged by books from across the globe.

Check out our recommendations below — and don’t forget to participate in our first #MashReads Twitter chat with Adelle Waldman, author of The Love Affairs of Nathaniel P. on Sept. 3 at 5:30 p.m. ET.

MashableReads Recommendations

we need new names

1. We Need New Names
Author: NoViolet Bulawayo

We need new voices — and Bulawayo is one we’ve needed for some time. This first-time novelist from Zimbabwe was listed for the Man Booker Prize this year. There are plenty of good torn-between-two-countries stories out this year — but it’s what Bulawayo leaves to your mind that enriches your senses long after the novel is done. The story of Darling and her exodus from the horror that has befallen Zimbabwe is painfully real, but even more so when we see the America she comes to.


2. 1Q84
Author: Haruki Murakami

If you’re already a Murakami fan, this book will solidify everything you’ve ever loved about him. If you’re a new reader, this epic novel about the intertwined fates of two elementary school classmates will make you a believer. Aomame and Tengo both find themselves living in a world quite like their own, but with a few notable differences. In this lengthy story Murakami gives us murder, religious cults with sinister practices, the supernatural — and a love story that keeps you engaged until the very end.


savage detectives

3. Savage Detectives
Author: Roberto Bolano

Youth! Drinking! Sex! Blissful despair! Down with the Establishment! In other words, ideations of literature. Bolano, who hails from Chile, wrote this book in 1998. Mexican visceral realists (starving intellectuals) are the lone survivors in the literature wasteland of today. Their self-imposed mission is to find their elusive poet. But just as their journey begins, we flip form and get only third-hand accounts of their trek into the desert until the end of the novel.


Ulysses3

4. Ulysses
Author: James Joyce

Artificial Intelligence realized. Think IBM did it with Watson? Or Google already has and just isn’t telling us? Joyce beat them both to it in 1922. This 650-page tale doesn’t present another tired iteration of a humanly contrived Other. Instead, it creates one life in one day. Leopold Bloom exists like we do — his experiences and thoughts are all fully-formed and functional. Modern, experimental, so nuanced you will need a companion text or a class to discuss and understand it. Find out why it’s considered the best novel written in 100 years.


freedom

5. Freedom
Author: Jonathan Franzen

Freedom is one of those novels that you can instantly relate to. Franzen brings to life incredibly well-rounded characters who you may not always like but will make you cringe with recognition. From marital disputes and teenage relationship angst to the effects of global warming and animal extinction, Franzen keeps readers entrenched in real-world issues. Ultimately, the temptation of freedom and the consequences of abusing freedom underlie this epic novel about the contemporary nuclear family.


the pale king

6. The Pale King
Author: David Foster Wallace

The geeks who would be kings? One would think the IRS Regional Examination Center in Peoria, Ill., is rife with those who call numbers and code their only friends. But this novel shows the true rich depth of humans, agents and otherwise, versus the numbing grind of our work, sex and family lives. So what is the value of our work; what is the meaning in life? Since this is Wallace, expect his attempt at an answer to be quixotic, incomplete and long.


oscar wao

7. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao
Author: Junot Díaz

Oscar is an overweight comic book nerd in a family full of guapisimos hombres who is just trying to find love, damn it. In this 2008 Pultizer Prize-winning novel, Díaz takes you through one family’s life in the Dominican Republic to Washington Heights with raw and often heartbreaking descriptions about being an outcast. He’ll have you laughing along with Oscar’s awkward adolescence as you simultaneously sympathize with the difficulty of finding your place in the world.


8. Shantaram
Author: Gregory David Roberts

Shantaram is one of the rare books that balances beautiful storytelling with stark poverty, heartbreaking loss and hopeful romance. As you journey through the slums of Bombay, the beautiful beaches of Goa and war zones of Afghanistan, Roberts takes you through the gamut of human emotions. This novel based loosely on the author’s own life will fundamentally change you and stay with you long after you’ve finished reading.

Image: Mashable, Meghan Uno

Read more: http://mashable.com/2013/08/26/mashablereads-ibookstore/

The last living witnesses to historical events are fascinating in so many ways. Not only are they time capsules of memories, experiences, and stories from a bygone era, they also hold in them the last remaining memory of that great event. When they die, that event passes from living memory into history. What is it like to be able to look back on 60, 70, or 80 years of life since that event and think “I am the last”? These 10 people know.

10 Mae Keene
The Last Living Radium Girl

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Things were looking up for young women in America in the early 1920s. They had finally received the right to vote and they were entering the US workforce in larger numbers than ever. In particular, American companies wanted to employ young women in manufacturing operations that required precise yet repetitive work, such as hand painting radioactive radium paint onto clock faces. Radium was discovered in 1898 by Marie Currie, and four years later, William Hammer mixed radium with zinc sulfide to make radioluminescent paint. Before long, anyone and everyone had to have a radium-painted watch on their hand or a radioactive, glowing clock by their bed. Many companies rushed into the business of processing the radium, making the radium paint, or manufacturing the clocks and watches with the painted parts.

In 1924, 18-year-old Mae Keene went to work at one of these manufacturing plants, the Waterbury Clock Company of Vermont. Like the other young women who painted the clocks, she was taught how to obtain a fine point on her brush by moistening the tip with her lips. This meant ingesting radioactive radium each time they touched the painted brush to their mouth. The women were told the radium paint was safe, and to be fair, it wasn’t until the 1920s that the companies knew they were lying. The women would even sneak the paint out of work and use it to paint their nails.

Mae quit the job after only a few months, and that probably saved her life. Unlike so many of her coworkers, she did not develop the deadly diseases caused by radium such as “radium jaw,” a debilitating and usually fatal disease where radium attacks the bones and rots away the jaw. In fact, Mae lived to be a very old woman. Today, at the age of 108, she may be the very last living radium girl.

9 Werner Franz
The Last Living Crew Member Of The Hindenburg

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Everyone has heard of the Hindenburg. The gigantic German passenger aircraft exploded, burned, and crashed at Lakehurst, New Jersey on May 6, 1937. It seems incredible anyone could walk away from that fiery crash, but of the 97 crew and passengers on board, 62 would survive. Today, 77 years later, that number is down to one. Werner Franz was a 14-year-old cabin boy on the Hindenburg and is the only living crew member from that historic event.

As a cabin boy, he worked from 6:30 AM until 9:30 PM serving the ship’s officers and crew. His job was to prepare the messroom for all meals and serve the crew coffee at night. By the time he was on his first voyage to the United States, Franz had been to South America aboard the Hindenburg several times. He had his job down to a routine. The evening the Hindenburg approached the tower in Lakehurst, Franz was still busy washing and putting away dishes in the mess.

He was lucky to be where he was, toward the front of the ship. Just as he was putting away a coffee cup, he heard a noise. The entire ship shuddered and sank at the stern, lifting the bow upwards. He ran out of the mess to the gangway, where he saw a ball of flame rushing towards him as the hydrogen cells exploded and burned. Just then, he was doused with water as the forward water ballast tank shifted and poured water toward the rear of the ship.

The water helped prevent Franz from being burned, but how to escape this burning ship? He remembered the provision hatch used to transfer stores onto the ship. He ran to it, sat down on a beam—with the glow of the burning ship all around him—and he kicked open the hatch. Franz looked down and saw the ground rushing up toward him. He waited until the Hindenburg was close to the ground and jumped. Just then, Franz caught his last lucky break As he hit the ground, the ship lurched back up into the air. This gave him just enough time to run out from underneath the falling immensity of the burning ship.

Franz would survive wet, uninjured, and alive. Later, Franz asked for permission to return to the Hindenburg to look for a watch his grandfather had given him. Amazingly, he found his watch in the burned and twisted wreckage.

8 John Cruickshank
Last Living Victoria Cross Winner For Action During World War II

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The highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces is the Victoria Cross. Today, John Cruickshank is the only living World War II combatant to have won this prestigious military award, and boy did he earn it.

John Cruickshank was the pilot of a PBY Catalina airplane whose mission it was to seek out and destroy German U-boats during World War II. It carried six 113-kilogram (250-lb) depth charges to get the work done. On his 48th mission and cruising at 610 meters (2,000 ft) above the Arctic Ocean, he and his crew spotted U-347 on the surface and moved in for the kill. They came in low over the U-boat, but the depth charges failed to drop.

The PBY circled around to come in again, but the element of surprise was lost and the Germans were ready for them with their deck guns. As they brought the PBY in low for a second attack, the Germans opened fire. Bullets and shells from the U-boat shredded the PBY, killing one man and wounding several more. Cruickshank took the worst of it, having been hit an incredible 72 times. Riddled with bullets in his limbs and lungs, he held the PBY steady and dropped all six depth charges, sinking the sub.

The injured crew now had to fly the badly damaged PBY five hours back to their base in Scotland. Bleeding and lapsing in and out of consciousness, Cruickshank refused morphine so he could fly the plane if needed. It was a smart choice, because when the PBY reached its base, the copilot could not land it. Cruickshank took the controls and landed the PBY on the water, keeping the front of the plane above the waterline long enough for the flying boat to reach shallow water.

7 Reinhard Hardegen
The Last Living German U-Boat Captain

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Fortunately for Captain Reinhard Hardegen, he was not on U-347 when John Cruickshank and his PBY crew sank it. If he had been, today he would not be the last living German U-boat commander. In many ways, Hardegen was the peer of Cruickshank. He wasn’t just the pilot of his war machine, but the winner of a prestigious war decoration from his country, the coveted Knights Cross.

Hardegen was the captain of U-123 and was one of the most successful killers of Allied vessels and crews in the entire war. Like all German submariners, he was exceptionally proud of the German U-boats, believing them to be far superior to those of the Americans. Hardegen recalled visiting an American submarine before the war and coming away with the impression that the American submarines had great creature comforts and spacious room compared to the German subs, but were not as well-designed as ultimate fighting machines. He also felt the discipline and devotion to duty of the German submariners far exceeded that of their American counterparts.

The Germans demonstrated their dedication to killing during Operation Drumbeat in the first six months of 1942, when German U-boats sank Allied ships in what another German U-boat commander called a “duck shoot.” The Germans called this period of their submarine war “the Happy Time” as they sank Allied vessels along the North American coast almost at will.

Hardegen would sink more Allied ships than any other U-boat commander during Operation Drumbeat. He contributed to the loss of 500 Allied ships and 5,000 merchant mariners. The Happy Time would soon give way, however, to what the German submariners called “the Sour Pickle Time,” the period in 1943–1945 when Allied sub detection and killing technology made almost every U-boat mission a death sentence. Hardegen survived the Sour Pickle Time and the war itself. At the age of 101, he is the last of the World War II German U-boat commanders and one of the last living German submariners.

6 David Stolier
The Last Living Survivor Of The Struma Disaster

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In 1936, with his home country of Romania increasing their persecution of Jews, the father of David Stolier decided it would be best to evacuate his son from the country. He booked David passage on the Struma, an old cattle boat that was barely seaworthy, bound for the assumed safety of British Palestine. Badly overcrowded, with almost 800 passengers and crew, the Struma barely made it to the port of Istanbul, Turkey. The ship sat there for two months while the Turks refused to allow the passengers to disembark and the British refused to grant them visas to reach Palestine.

Years later, Stolier would recall the awful conditions on board the Struma. Hundreds of passengers baked in the sun with no room to move and little water or food. In February 1942, the Turks finally forced the Struma back out into the Black Sea with nowhere to go. Within hours, a Soviet submarine patrolling for Axis ships mistakenly torpedoed the Struma only a mile off the coast. Out of 769 Jewish passengers, including 75 children, David was the sole survivor. Seventy-two years later, Stolier is still the last living witness to this historic tragedy.

5 Harry Ettlinger
The Last Monuments Man

Not every old man gets the opportunity to meet George Clooney, let alone see his World War II story told by the A-list actor and director in a major motion picture. But 88-year-old Harry Ettlinger has accomplished that and much more in his long life. He also holds the distinction of being the last of the Army unit dispatched to Germany to save the looted art masterpieces the Nazis had hidden away in caves and . . . other places.

For those who don’t want to wait to watch Clooney’s The Monuments Men, the trailer is above. At the very end of World War II, the Allies were afraid the Germans would destroy unknown numbers of priceless and historic artwork they knew the Nazis had seized when they came to power at the start of the war. The question was, where was the art hidden and could they rescue it in time? To that end, the Allies dispatched a small unit of art historians, professors, and other Indiana Jones characters called the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives corps. They were tasked with finding and recovering the stolen art the Nazis had stashed in castles, salt mines, and other locations. Almost 70 years later, only Harry Ettlinger survives to attend the Hollywood premiere of the movie made to tell the tale of this remarkable World War II mission.

Ettlinger, a German Jew who had the good sense to flee Germany in the 1930s, would return to Europe at the very end of the war to help recover the artwork, much of it stolen from German Jews. Ettlinger and his comrades would recover a total of over 900 works of art. After the war, he went home to Newark, New Jersey and helped his country fight the Cold War by working for a company that designed nuclear weapons.

4 Sarah Collins Rudolph
The Last Living 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing Survivor

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On September 15, 1963 at 10:22 AM, a bomb detonated in the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. The bomb was a case of dynamite planted by four Klansmen who had tunneled underneath the front steps of the church. Their cowardly act of domestic terrorism against the African-American church managed to kill four people, all of whom were little girls attending a Sunday sermon. Addie Mae Collins, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Wesley—all 14 years old—along with 11-year-old Denise McNair died in a failed attempt to stop the growing Civil Rights movement in the Deep South.

It would take over a decade for authorities to begin to track down the KKK members who planted the bomb. Afterward, these four girls were posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, but a fifth victim of the bombing that day has never been recognized. Sarah Collins Rudolph, younger sister of Addie Mae Collins, is the last injured survivor of that attack. She lost an eye to some flying glass and was in the hospital for months. She never really recovered, as she is still traumatized by the events of that day, but she is the only victim still alive 51 years later.

3 Donald “Nick” Clifford
The Last Living Sculptor Of Mount Rushmore

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Drilling rock hundreds of feet up on the side of a cliff face is exciting work, especially when it’s a historic monument like the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in Keystone, South Dakota. It is also exceedingly dangerous work. Amazingly, no workers were killed during the years of drilling and blasting needed to create the monument. That fact is not lost on the last living man to drill and chisel the faces of four great American presidents into a mountain. Donald “Nick” Clifford has the distinction of being the last surviving person who actually worked on the sculpture. The story of how he got the job is almost as fascinating as the work he and the others did to create such a magnificent work of art.

Clifford had been hassling the sculptor of the monument, Gutzon Borglum, for a job since he was 15 years old. He finally got his chance at the age of 17 because of baseball. In 1938, Borglum’s son decided he wanted to form a baseball team for his workers. Knowing that Clifford was an excellent pitcher and infielder, he got added as a ringer to the team, which was called the Mount Rushmore Memorial Drillers. He then badgered his teammates until they finally got him a job.

At first, Clifford worked cutting logs and cranking winches to raise and lower cables at the rate of $0.50 per hour. He was eventually promoted to driller and given a raise of $1 per day. He worked three years on the project. Now, he autographs his own book, Mount Rushmore Q&A, at the Mount Rushmore gift shop and answers any and all questions about the making of the memorial. After all, he is the last one who can.

2 Alcides Ghiggia
The Last Living Winner Of The 1950 World Cup

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In the world of professional football, Pele is probably the most well-known South American football player of all time. But there is one lesser known football legend from South America who is also the sole living member of his team—a team that pulled off one of the greatest upsets in football history.

It was the 1950 World Cup, played in host country Brazil. In the final game the home team faced an opponent from next door, the small country of Uruguay. There were 200,000 fans inside the world’s largest football stadium that was built just for the World Cup, rooting for Brazil. It seemed impossible for Uruguay to upset the home team.

Brazil only needed a tie against Uruguay to win the Cup and only an upset win could give it to Uruguay. Everyone was so sure of a Brazilian victory that local newspapers had already printed an announcement of the win the morning before the match. Uruguay’s coach bought every copy in their hotel’s newsstand and brought it back to the room for his team to pee on.

Brazil led much of the game 1–0 until Uruguay’s Juan Schiaffino scored to tie it at 1–1. Still, a tie was all Brazil needed—they just had to hang on. With only 11 minutes remaining, Uruguayan Alcides Ghiggia scored, winning the game at 2–1.

The massive crowd was stunned into silenced. Uruguay won the game and the Cup. The loss became not only part of Brazilian history, but also of the Brazilian psyche. It was and still remains known to this day as the Maracanaco, meaning “shock.” A noted Brazilian commented that every country has its own national catastrophe, and for Brazil, it was the loss to Uruguay in 1950.

The hero of that game, a legend in world soccer and especially in his home country of Uruguay, is the only survivor of that historic team. In 2013, still very much part of world soccer, Ghiggia was honored to be one of those at the final selection process of the 2014 World Cup match, which will also be played in Brazil. Ghiggia plans on being there—to root for Uruguay, of course. In 2014, Ghiggia will be one of only two people (the other being the president of Uruguay) who will be allowed to touch the coveted World Cup trophy as it travels through Uruguay to Brazil.

1 David Greenglass
The Last Living Rosenberg Co-Conspirator

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On June 19, 1953, an American couple named Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg were executed for spying and handing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviets in a trial that was a defining moment in Cold War espionage history. Over 60 years later, only one of their major co-conspirators is left—Ethel Rosenberg’s brother, David Greenglass.

The spy ring began with a brilliant nuclear physicist who worked at the secret Los Alamos nuclear facility designing and building the first atomic bomb, Klaus Fuchs. In 1949, the Soviet Union exploded their first atomic bomb, years before they were expected to be able to. Fuchs was the scientist who fed US and Canadian atomic secrets to the Soviets that allowed them to shave years off their development of an atomic bomb. He confessed to spying and implicated a chemist named Harry Gold. Gold, who would be convicted of espionage and sentenced to 30 years in prison, implicated David Greenglass, a US soldier stationed in Los Alamos. Greenglass had been recruited by Julius Rosenberg through Greenglass’s wife, Ruth Greenglass. David Greenglass became a Soviet spy, passing on secrets through Gold and Julius Rosenberg to the Soviets.

Ruth Greenglass and Julius Rosenberg were both passionate communists, but Ethel Rosenberg did not seem to share her husband’s passion and did not appear to be involved in the espionage. Her only guilt seemed to be she was the sister-in-law of Ruth Greenglass. During the Rosenbergs’ trial, David Greenglass testified that Ethel Rosenberg had typed some of the secret documents he had passed along to the Soviets, thus implicating Ethel Rosenberg directly as a spy. Greenglass probably said this to save the life of his wife, who was not prosecuted, even though it appears certain Ruth recruited her husband to spy for the Soviets.

In exchange for his testimony, David Greenglass received a 15-year sentence instead of death. Greenglass would later recant his testimony, stating that Ethel Rosenberg did not type the atomic secrets, but it was too late. Ethel and her husband were put to death at Sing Sing prison for espionage. Many historians feel Greenglass’s testimony sealed her fate. In 2006, a federal judge in Manhattan ruled to keep the secret grand jury testimony of David Greenglass sealed until after his death.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2014/03/01/10-notable-last-survivors-of-historic-events/