I just finished reading a new book on the history of Area 51 – the super secret American military base located in Nevada. The book is titled “Area 51 – An Uncensored History of America’s Top Secret Military Base” by Annie Jacobsen. Ms. Jacobsen manages to uncover never before released facts about the little understood secret goings on at Area 51. There are enough secret projects talked about in the book to do five or six lists. It’s amazing what scientists, engineers, the military and intelligence agencies will do when they have unlimited budgets, little to no accountability and everything they do is kept top secret. And remember, these are the projects we know of (or think we know of). Imagine what goes on at Area 51 that we do not know, and probably never will know.

Nukerange

Project Nutmeg has historical significance because it was the top-secret project that gave birth to the Nevada Test and Training Range. Prior to testing atomic devices on US soil, nuclear bombs were tested in the Pacific Ocean at what was called the Pacific Proving Grounds. While this afforded the US a remote (and huge) area to test secret atomic devices, the cost involved in sending men, materials and equipment half way around the world, was staggering. America felt it had to find someplace secure, yet within its borders that was reasonably close to where most atomic scientists were working at that time (such as Los Alamos, New Mexico). Project Nutmeg was authorized by the President to locate such an area. An ideal location was a region of desolate desert that had been a wildlife reservation. This area also had the benefit of already having a landing strip nearby, left over from military training exercises during WWII. The selected site in Nevada became 687 square miles of government-controlled land, and what we know today as the Nevada Test Site (of which Area 51 is the most well know, and most secret, parcel of land).

Predator Drone

This project began sometime in the late 1960’s and involved some of the first remote controlled aircraft experiments that would later become the Predator drones that are operating in the Middle East, today. It was a six-foot remote controlled drone designed to look like an eagle or buzzard in flight. It carried a television camera in the nose, as well as sensors and electronic surveillance equipment.

The project began as an attempt to investigate a mysterious watercraft the Soviet Union had constructed and was spotted testing (by satellite reconnaissance) on the Caspian Sea (that they later nicknamed the Caspian Monster). The project remains classified today, but a British documentary uncovered what is thought to have been the target for the Aquiline drone – a Soviet hydrofoil called Ekranopian. The Aquiline drone was designed to track in on its target following established communication lines in foreign countries, and be launched from a submarine. The Aquiline drone was built and tested (it crash landed often) but the CIA eventually canceled the program.

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Similar to the Aquiline project, this was another attempt by the CIA to mimic the animal kingdom in the development of remote controlled aircraft. Project Ornithopter involved a birdlike drone designed to blend in with nature by flapping its wings. Another even smaller drone was designed to look like a crow that would land on window ledges and photograph, through the window, what was going on inside the building. Project Insectothopter took the concept to an even smaller animal – a drone designed to look like a dragonfly. Insectothopter was a green drone that flapped wings powered by miniature gas engines.

Not satisfied with mimicking mother nature – the CIA also used actual animals to do surveillance, including pigeons with “pigeon-cams” attached to their necks. Unfortunately, the birds were tired out by the extra weight of the cameras and returned to the CIA base on foot – too tired to fly (the project was abandoned). Maybe the strangest project of all was Project Acoustic Kitty, which placed acoustic listening devices on household cats. That project was abandoned when the cats strayed too far off target searching for food, and one was run over by a car.

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This was a “safety test” conducted at the Nevada Test Site to simulate what would happen if an airplane carrying an atomic bomb crashed and released radioactive material into the environment. In this way, Project 57 would become America’s first “dirty bomb” experiment. Scientists theorized that the detonation of the high explosives surrounding a nuclear warhead (but that did not initiate a full chain reaction) would release plutonium into the environment. But they did not know for certain, nor did they know how much plutonium would be released, how far the plutonium would travel, etc. The military and CIA felt the test was needed because more and more American nuclear warheads were being carried by more and more aircraft. Sooner or later (and it would come sooner than anyone thought), an airplane accident was bound to happen when the aircraft was carrying live nuclear weapons.

A part of the test site called Area 13 was selected and workers began to set up thousands of “sticky pans”, steel pans sprayed with a sticky resin that would capture and hold plutonium particles released into the air by the explosion of the bomb. Mock cities were set up to determine what would happen if the explosion occurred in an urban area. Fourteen hundred blocks of asphalt streets were laid, and cars parked at various locations on the asphalt. Nine burros, 109 beagles, 10 sheep and 31 rats were placed in cages to measure the physical impact of the plutonium release. At 6:27 AM on April 24, 1957, the nuclear warhead was fired in such a way as to mimic a plane crash. When the radioactive dust settled, 895 square acres had been contaminated.

Plutonium is one of the most deadly substances known to man; one millionth of a gram of plutonium is lethal if it is inhaled. Plutonium remains deadly for 20,000 years. Scientists learned much about how plutonium acts by studying the effects on the test animals, but the actual data is still classified. They also found that the plutonium did not move far – it tended to settle on the top of the soil and stay there. After a year of study, Project 57 was shut down and the area never cleaned up. It was fenced off, the material (including the cars) were buried. That was it, or so the scientists thought, until the following year when another scientist authored a paper theorizing that earth worms passing through the contaminated area would move the plutonium with them, out of the restricted zone (as would birds which ate the worms and flew off with the radioactivity in them).

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Not a project really but a mission. On January 21, 1968, a fire started on board a B52G bomber during a secret mission over Greenland. Most of the crew bailed out and the aircraft smashed into the Greenland ice sheet. On impact, the high explosives in at least three of the atomic bombs on board exploded. This spread radioactive plutonium, tritium and uranium over a large area. The CIA and US military now had a real Project 57 on their hands. The fire melted the ice and at least one atomic bomb fell into North Star Bay and below the ice covered sea. Apparently the US tried to recover the bomb but was unsuccessful.

Even though project 57 had provided lots of data about what happens when a nuclear warhead explodes and spreads radioactive contamination over a wide area, the military and CIA still did not have a permanent emergency response unit dedicated, equipped and trained to respond to these dirty bomb like disasters. So an ad-hoc group of scientists and military people were put together and sent to Greenland for what would become the toughest dirty bomb clean up operation in history. With temperatures dropping to – 70 F and winds up to 100 mph, the conditions made it all but impossible for the men to clean up all of the radioactive contamination. Less than 50% of the radioactive material was recovered. The crew cleaned and froze for eight months and when they were done had cleaned up 10,500 tons of radioactive ice, snow and crash debris, which was flown to South Carolina for disposal. The crew would call themselves “Dr Freezelove”.

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This was another secret clean up of radioactive material but this time not American radioactive material – Russian. On September 18, 1977, the Soviet union launched Cosmos 954, a nuclear-powered spy satellite. The satellite was 46 feet long and weighed over 4 tons. Within months of its launch, the US knew the satellite was in trouble. In December of 1977, analysts determined Cosmos 954 was slipping out of orbit and unless the Soviet Union took action, it would plummet to Earth. They further determined that if the Soviets could not gain control of the satellite it would reenter the atmosphere and crash somewhere in North America. Pressed by the Carter Administration to divulge what exactly was on board the satellite, the Soviets admitted it carried 110 pounds of highly enriched uranium.

At the direction of the CIA – the decision was made by the US government not to inform the public. The CIA knew a satellite carrying a live nuclear reactor was going to crash somewhere in North America, but believed that “a sensationalized leak would disturb the public in unforeseeable ways”. So the public was kept in the dark.

Fortunately by 1978, the US had a trained team to respond to such emergencies – the Nuclear Emergency Search Team or NEST. The NEST team stood by, waiting to deploy the minute the satellite crashed (no one could predict exactly where it would land). Eventually, national security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski did tell the public that America was experiencing “a space age difficulty”.

When Cosmos 954 crashed it struck across a large swath of ice in the Canadian tundra, 1000 miles north of Montana near the Great Slave Lake. The NEST team vans carrying the specialists were dispatched by C130 transport to the crash scene. The vans were disguised as bakery vans. As part of Operation Morning Light – the NEST team members searched over a fifty by eight hundred mile corridor for radioactive debris. After several months, 90 percent of the debris from Cosmos 954 was recovered. After the crash, officials calculated that if Cosmos 954 had made one more orbit of the Earth before it crashed, it would have landed somewhere over the populated American East Coast.

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In the 1960’s, the US was on its way to the moon. Lesser known is the fact that, at area 25 (a sister top secret site to Area 51) of the Nevada Test Site, NASA and AEC scientists were working on something even more ambitious – a trip to Mars on a nuclear powered rocket. This was called project Nuclear Engine Rocket Vehicle Application or NERVA. Sixteen stories tall, the rocket ship, called Orion, would send 150 men to Mars in only 124 days. Orion would blast off from eight 250-foot-tall towers out of a cloud of radioactivity generated by a powerful nuclear reactor and engine aboard the ship. When running at full power the nuclear engine operated at 3,680 degrees Fahrenheit; it had to be cooled by liquid hydrogen gas. To test such a monster engine and reactor it had to be bolted down to the earth. When tested, the NERVA engine would shoot into the atmosphere a plume of hydrogen exhaust that had passed through a superheated uranium fission reactor.

The Los Alamos scientists then decided they wanted to know what would happen if scientists lost control of one of these nuclear engines, and it exploded. Thus was born Kiwi – a test to deliberately blow up one of these reactor/engines. On January 12, 1965, a nuclear rocket engine, codenamed Kiwi, was allowed to overheat. At a temperature of 4,000 degrees Centigrade, the reactor burst – shooting radioactive fuel skyward, glowing every color of the rainbow. The explosion blew a 100-pound chunk of radioactive fuel a quarter mile away. The radioactive plume rose to 2,600 feet, and the wind eventually carried the radioactive cloud west, passing over Los Angeles and out to sea. Scientists were airborne with instruments measuring the amount of radiation that was released into the atmosphere, but as of today that data remains classified.

Though this was passed off as another “safety test”, the release of so much radiation into the atmosphere possibly violated the Limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963, that banned the airborne explosion of atomic bombs. But scientists now knew what they needed. If the rocket engine exploded on the launch pad – anyone standing within 100 feet would die almost immediately from radiation exposure. Anyone within 400 feet would receive a serious does of radiation that could be fatal, and anyone within 1000 feet would be overexposed to radiation.

Five months later, the real thing took place when another design of the nuclear rocket engine, code named Phoebus, did overheat. It exploded when one of the liquid hydrogen cooling tanks accidentally ran dry.

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In the development of America’s first stealth aircraft, dubbed “Oxcart”, all manner of new technology was created at Area 51 to make the aircraft invisible to radar, or at least as small a radar image as could be achieved. Materials that would absorb radar, space age design and electronic counter measures were all employed. Yet when President Kennedy gave Oxcart it’s mission to fly surveillance over Cuba to look for nuclear missiles being secretly installed there by the Soviet Union, the aircraft was still not quite ready. Researchers and scientists redoubled their efforts, but it was decided that Oxcart was still not stealthy enough. Some other way had to be found to make it all but invisible to enemy radar.

Project Kemper-Lacroix was one possible solution. At Area 51, scientists came up with the idea of attaching two giant electron guns, one on either side of the aircraft. The guns would shoot out a 25-foot wide ion cloud of highly charged particles in front of the aircraft (an aircraft which was already moving at speeds above Mach 3). The ion gas cloud would further absorb enemy radar waves coming up from the ground, providing the plane with more stealth.

Testing on scale models of the Oxcart aircraft showed the theory would work. Testing the electron beam guns on the full scale Oxcart aircraft, the researchers soon discovered the radiation given off by the guns would kill the pilot. So more engineers worked on developing an x-ray shield the pilots could wear to protect them from the radiation. But the first test pilot to wear the shield said it was too cumbersome to allow the pilots to fly the aircraft. Project Kemper-Lacroix was abandoned.

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Perhaps the most wrong-headed, ill-advised and dangerous of all the atmospheric nuclear explosions by the US, Projects Teak and Orange were right out of a science fiction story about mad scientists and their crazy experiments leading to the destruction of the planet.

Teak and Orange were two massive, 3.8 megaton nuclear devices which would be detonated in the Earths upper atmosphere over the Johnston Atoll, 750 miles west of Hawaii. Teak was exploded at 50 miles and Orange was exploded at 28 miles in the upper atmosphere. The purpose of these tests was to give the US a measuring stick to use so as to determine if the Soviet Union did the same thing (exploded a nuclear device high in the Earths atmosphere). As if such an explosion would be difficult to detect? It seems mad now, looking back, that such tests were green-lighted, but that was the mood of the Cold War in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Test first, ask questions later.

How obvious is it to explode a 3.8 megaton nuclear device 28-50 miles up? The fireballs produced burned the retinas of any living thing within a 225 mile radius of the blast. Anything that had been looking at the sky when the blast occurred, without protective goggles was blinded. This included hundreds of monkeys and rabbits flown in aircraft nearby. The animals had their heads locked into devices that forced them to look at the blast. From Guam to Wake Island to Maui, the blue sky turned red, white and gray, creating an aura over a 2,100 mile section of the meridian. Radio communication throughout a huge part of the Pacific went dead. One of the weapons test engineers stated it chillingly – “we almost blew a hole in the ozone layer”. In fact, prior to the explosions scientists had warned that it would be possible to blast a hole in the Earths protective ozone layer, but Teak and Orange went ahead regardless.

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Not to be outdone, even higher high-altitude nuclear tests were conducted, these under Operation Argus. Nuclear tipped missiles were fired from ships for the first time as part of Argus. On August 27, 30 and September 6, 1950, nuclear warheads were shot into space by X-17 rockets from the deck of a US warship anchored off South Africa. These missiles went 300 miles out into space. The reason for these nuclear tests in outer space? One scientist theorized that exploding nuclear bombs in the Earths magnetic field (but above the Earth’s atmosphere) could create an electronic pulse that would render incoming Russian ICBM’s inoperative. Though a magnetic pulse was created by the nuclear explosions, the pulse was not large enough to have any affect on the ICBM’s. The project was another dangerous, and ultimately futile, experiment.

Roswelldebris

I included this as a bonus, though if true, it would easily be #1 on any list. Is it true? You decide. In July 1947, the US military and Army intelligence recovered something that crashed at Roswell, New Mexico. The initial report was it was a crashed flying saucer and the bodies that were recovered were alien. The military quickly changed this story to it being a weather balloon, and so began the mystery of what really happened at Roswell, and the most famous UFO incident in American history.

The author of “Area 51” postulates that it was what was really recovered at Roswell that led to the creation of Area 51, in 1951. Something so stunning that an entire secret area had to be established for it to be studied. Immediately after the crash, the recovered material and bodies were sent to Wright Field (later called Wright-Patterson Air Force Base) in Ohio. The Atomic Energy Commission, under the direction of Vannevar Bush, then took over, created Area 51 and moved it all to Area 51, in Nevada.

According to the author, what the US really recovered at Roswell was not a spacecraft with aliens from outer space, but a Soviet aircraft with unknown and mysterious flying capabilities. The US knew the crashed aircraft was of Soviet, and not other-worldly, design because Russian language lettering had been found on the crashed remains. The aircraft had capabilities no one in Area 51, or anyone else, had ever seen. The aircraft could both hover and fly. No US technology at the time could do such a thing. Vannevar Bush ordered six selected engineers, working in total secrecy, to reverse engineer it and figure out how it worked. The project would be so secret, it would remain black forever, it would never be known outside a mere handful of people, such as Bush. The operation would have no name, it would simply go by a letter-number designation, S-4 or Sigma-Four. But there was more……..

The engineers also had to reverse engineer the bodies recovered from the crash scene. Not alien bodies, human bodies. But human bodies like none ever seen – mutated, surgically altered children. Two of the child-size aviators were still “alive”, but not conscious, in a comatose state. They were kept alive in life-support chambers at Area 51, so they could be studied. They were tiny even for children, and had very large heads compared to the rest of their bodies. They were estimated to be thirteen years old, and also had oversized eyes. The engineers who would experiment on these aviators were told it was possible Nazi doctor Joseph Mengele had operated on them (in exchange for a promise by Stalin to get his own laboratory in Russia, a promise Stalin did not keep) before he escaped Europe for South America.

But why would the Soviet Union send their cutting edge technology aircraft, with their biologically/surgically modified alien looking tiny human children, to the US? The author states the engineers were told Stalin believed the craft would land, and the children-aliens would emerge and send the US into a panic far worse than had occurred only a decade earlier, with the fake alien attack during the radio broadcast of “War of the Worlds”. Stalin believed the US populace would panic at the sight of “real aliens”.

Of all the strange, weird, and mysterious activities we know of, this, if true, would have to qualify as the strangest and most mysterious. Did it happen? You be the judge.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2011/06/12/10-secret-us-military-intelligence-projects/

Top 10 Fictional Geniuses

‘Genius’ is a term for which no precise qualifications have been set. It is a largely subjective term which seems to marry both great intelligence and imagination. Genius may never be perfectly defined – you just know one when you see one. Fiction has long made use of such characters – from the hackneyed nerd stereotype to the wizard of boundless wisdom, from gods and oracles to comic relief. Below follows a list of largely modern fictional geniuses.

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Egon is the brains behind the Ghostbusters, a quartet of spirit hunters operating out of an abandoned firehouse in New York City. Although his precise education is never revealed, it is understood that he is a scientist of multiple disciplines – not limited to parapsychology, quantum physics, and nuclear engineering. With associate Ray, Egon was responsible for the Ghostbusters’ marvelous array of equipment, including proton packs and the containment unit they keep in their basement. Spengler’s brilliance does not come without a certain intrinsic awkwardness – he has a highly technical method of speaking and has communication issues with the fairer sex.

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MacGyver is portrayed as something of a secret agent in the employ of a covert government agency in the Mission:Impossible template. Shunning the use of firearms, he instead makes use of his omnipresent Swiss Army knife and various items laying about. He often freed himself from seemingly impossible and lethal situations with his encyclopedic scientific knowledge. In the first episode of the show for instance, he uses a chocolate bar to plug a sulfuric acid leak. To avoid people trying to replicate MacGyver’s dangerous experiments, some integral element was usually left out. His training was in physics and chemistry, along with experience in the military during the Vietnam War.

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The Chief of Diagnostic Medicine at a fictional hospital in Princeton, NJ, House is modeled on Sherlock Holmes (note the House/Holmes wordplay), and exhibits many of the same behaviors. Having exceedingly little bedside manner, he is a cranky, curmudgeonly man who nonetheless possesses a keen perception. He speaks multiple languages and has a dry, incisive wit. House is portrayed as masterful in the understanding of nearly every medical pursuit, although his genius is often moderated by a narcissism so crippling that he generally doesn’t care what anyone else thinks about him.

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The Iron Man of Marvel comics fame, Stark is an industrialist playboy who inherited his father’s company, Stark Industries – a defense contractor along the lines of Lockheed Martin. He was a child prodigy who attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at the age of 15. When he is captured by enemy forces, he designs a robotic suit of armor to escape. Over the years, he uses his genius to create increasingly more fantastic suits, going so far as to rewire his own biology, making heretofore unheralded advances in various fields including physics, quantum mechanics, and even artificial intelligence.

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The eponymous star of Good Will Hunting, Will (Matt Damon) is a poor kid from the south side of Boston who works jobs in construction and as a janitor at MIT. While mopping one day, he sees a difficult algebra problem written on a blackboard by a professor as a challenge to his students. Will solves it easily. After getting into a fight, he is forced by the court to both see a therapist and work with the professor. He is revealed to have some deep psychological scars from his youth, and in the end to be more brilliant by far than even the award-winning professor that first recognizes his talent. Will’s strengths seem to be mathematically inclined, but he is also extraordinarily well-read, recalling authors and topics from obscure economics tomes at will.

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Emmet “Doc” Brown is the stereotypical mad scientist, taking shades of his unkempt, wild-eyed appearance from Albert Einstein. Doc’s greatest achievement of course is the invention of the time machine which sends Michael J Fox’s Marty McFly character into the past. Built from a DeLorean DMC-12 sports car, the time machine uses various forms of energy on its journeys, including electricity, nuclear power, and cold fusion. Although somewhat absent-minded, Doc is an inventor of unparalleled imagination, even somehow managing to tack together a new time machine from a steam locomotive when he gets stuck in the past.

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To some degree the very archetype of the ‘evil genius’, Dr. Lecter’s character is introduced in the Thomas Harris novel Red Dragon, but his most notorious turn was in the film The Silence of the Lambs as potrayed by Anthony Hopkins. A psychiatrist of staggering genius, Lecter is incarcerated for a series of savage cannibalistic murders. He acts as a consultant to a pair of different FBI agents hunting at-large serial killers. Unlike many of the personalities on this list, Hannibal is described as having impeccable, almost aristocratic manners. Above all, he despises any form of rudeness. He has a well defined, classic appreciation of the fine arts, at one point during the series taking a job as a museum curator under an assumed name. His knowledge of physiology is at least sufficient enough to allow him to perform exacting brain surgery on an enemy. His greatest skill, however, is in reading people, drawing from thousands of psychological inferences a flawless portrait of human motive.

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Victor Frankenstein, the novel’s namesake (the monster never receives a name), is a chemistry student at the University of Ingolstadt traumatized by the recent death of his mother. He believes science capable of anything, even clinging to antiquated principles of alchemy. Using the discovery of galvanism (passing electricity through a corpse’s nervous system to make it move), he learns to restore life to the dead. His genius is fully realized when he creates his monster from a horribly vivisected combination of cadavers and slaughterhouse remnants. Unlike the later films, which portray the monster as a vast, shambling dullard, in the book the creature seems to inherit his “father’s” vast intellect, becoming well-read and articulate.

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Hailing from the graphic novel Watchmen, Adrian Veidt was once the superhero Ozymandias. Referred to as ‘the smartest man on the planet’, Veidt helms a multi-billion dollar empire, which includes genetic engineering and a line of toys amongst other things. Fearing that the end of mankind is imminent (Watchmen takes place in a dystopian Cold War era where nuclear antagonism between the United States and the Soviet Union has reached a critical juncture), he hatches a sinister plot to unite the nations against a common enemy. Unfortunately, his scheme comes at the cost of millions of innocent lives.

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Nearly every character on this list owes some debt of gratitude to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes, master of deduction. Holmes is the consummate detective, drawing his conclusions from all manner of trivial details that escape the attention of lesser minds. He is often brought to the aid of police when they have already failed at solving a case with the available evidence. The Holmes stories are always narrated by his friend and colleague Watson, who marvels at Sherlock’s intellect but does not hesitate to level certain criticisms towards him either. Like the others, he is portrayed as eccentric, eschewing the conventions of fashion and comportment typical to his Victorian era. He uses both cocaine and morphine in his stories, though both drugs were legal at the time. Deep literary analysis of the character has suggested that aspects of his personality indicate mental illness, specifically Asperger’s syndrome, which would explain his intense, single-minded attention to detail and his introversion. A sensationalized version of the character appeared in the 2009 Robert Downey Jr. film, Sherlock Holmes.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2011/09/18/top-10-fictional-geniuses/

Welcome to the brandwagon.

By now you’re probably aware of #TheDress and how it broke the internet and destroyed relationships worldwide, but now even brands are jumping on the bandwagon:

1. BJ’s tried to refocus on what’s important in life:

2. A&W weighed in with an important update:

3. Lyft decided to be straight up flowery with its prose:

4. Clorox hit us with the stark truth:

5. Food Network made us question everything all over again:

This cheesecake is black and blue: http://t.co/Prys8yiY0P. Or is it?!

— FoodNetwork (@Food Network)

6. United brought their planes into the equation:

We’re seeing #WhiteandGold.

— united (@United)

7. Party City taught us what really matters:

It’s not the color of #TheDress that matters, it’s the #party you wear it to.

— PartyCity (@Party City)

8. Coca-Cola had some ideas about better colors:

#TheDress might look better in red and white.

— CocaCola (@Coca-Cola)

9. Dunkin’ Donuts declared that taste > color:

Doesn’t matter if it’s blue/black or white/gold, they still taste delicious. #thedress

— DunkinDonuts (@Dunkin’ Donuts)

10. IKEA thought outside the box with blue and yellow:

You’re not the only ones @Cirque! We see blue & yellow too 🙂 #TheDress

— IKEAUSA (@IKEA USA)

11. Auntie Anne’s was also on team blue and gold:

We’re not sure about #whiteandgold or #blackandblue – we’re a bit more partial to blue and gold…

— AuntieAnnes (@Auntie Anne’s)

12. Duracell tried to shift the conversation toward batteries:

Clearly it’s copper and black. #TheDress

— Duracell (@Duracell)

13. Kit Kat played with the colors of its logo:

Definitely Red and White! #HaveAbreak #TheDress #breakfromthedress #TeamRedAndWhite

— KITKAT (@KITKAT)

14. IHOP reminded us about breakfast:

idk what color that dress is but pancakes are definitely gold and butter is definitely white

— IHOP (@IHOP)

15. LEGO made some striped dresses of its own:

#whiteandgold or #blackandblue? We found a way around science- you can have both! #TheDress #dressgate

— LEGO_Group (@LEGO)

16. Chobani was more concerned about yogurt:

Less concerned about #thedress and more concerned about the #lastchobani in the fridge.

— Chobani (@Chobani)

17. Sephora came up with a solution to satisfy both sides:

Why choose sides when you can have them all? #TheDress

— Sephora (@Sephora)

18. Skittles was definitely tasting the colors of the rainbow:

I have no idea what you guys are talking about. It looks Rainbow to me. #TheDress

— Skittles (@Skittles)

19. Domino’s tried to steer the conversation toward pizza:

This is awkward, it’s actually white and red.

— dominos (@Domino’s Pizza)

20. JCPenney showed up with another dress:

We promise, we aren’t messing with you. This dress is blue and black. #TheDress #Blueandblack #WhiteandGold

— jcpenney (@JCPenney)

21. Burger King dished out some sass:

That time we had blue crowns. #TheDress

— BurgerKing (@Burger King)

22. M&M’s brought out Blue and Ms. Brown:

Why does everyone keep calling us Gold and White now? What’s going on, Internet?! #TheDress #WhatColorsAreThisDress

— mmschocolate (@M&M’S® Brand)

23. Downy wanted to focus on softness:

Blue and black, white and gold – does it matter? #TheDress #DressGate

— Downy (@Downy)

24. Barefoot Wine took the time to make a joke about wine:

White and gold? Black and blue? All we see is white and red. #TheDress

— BarefootWine (@barefootwine)

25. Xbox backed up its argument with its controllers:

So do you think this is #whiteandgold too?

— Xbox (@Xbox)

26. Motorola tried to start a new debate about phone colors:

Which are you? #TheDress #MotoX

— Motorola (@Motorola Mobility)

27. Hyundai showed off a blue and black car:

Anyone seeing #whiteandgold?

— Hyundai (@Hyundai USA)

28. American Airlines wasn’t feeling either color combination:

White and gold, black and blue…We only have eyes for silver. #TheDress #AvGeeks

— AmericanAir (@American Airlines)

29. Abercrombie & Fitch just ran with a different dress:

White&Gold? Blue&Black? This dress is White&Blue…& we’re 100% sure we’re obsessed with it. ✔ï¸http://t.co/q6f0d4knce

— Abercrombie (@Abercrombie & Fitch)

30. Zyrtec suggested we all might need some allergy medicine:

Who can you trust? Certainly not your eyes. This is definitely #whiteandgold #thedress

— Zyrtec (@Zyrtec)

31. Pizza Hut was reevaluating life:

OMG need your help. Is this a different colour to you? #Dressgate #Pizzagate

— pizzahutuk (@Pizza Hut UK)

32. And The ACLU took the opportunity to discuss discrimination:

#Dressgate #Thedress https://t.co/al4tTOymBF

— ACLU (@ACLU National)

Read more: http://www.buzzfeed.com/jarrylee/welcome-to-the-brandwagon

While not much has been released about Paranormal Activity 5, the trailer for the franchise’s spinoff — Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones — is finally here with the upmost intention of making your heart skip a beat.

The series, which tells the story of a family’s encounters with a demon as seen through handheld and security cameras, has churned out movies every Halloween season for the past three years. The four movies have grossed $714 million at the box office.

Fans will have to wait a few more months to watch The Marked Ones, though, as it won’t hit theaters until Jan. 3.

To hold fans over until the new year, Paramount Pictures is promoting the film with a social media contest similar to what happened during the run-up to Paranormal Activity 4 in 2012. Fans can participate by submitting a photo using hashtag #TheMarkedOnes on Facebook, Instagram or Twitter of “paranormal activity” in their hometown. Cities with the most submissions will win early screenings of the movie.

Top 15 Best Movie Sequels

It is a well known fact that a hit at the Box Office frequently garners a horrid attempt to continue an otherwise completed story. For instance, The Matrix, Caddyshack, or Weekend At Bernie’s could quite easily fall into that category. However, just as often the public gets the further adventures of our main characters that actually add life to the franchise. The following 15 sequels are just that: the very best in narrative continuation.

15. Escape from the Planet of the Apes

This is probably the least popular choice on the list, but I am including it because it did such a great job of reversing the morality of the first film – in the original the Humans are treated like animals and kept in cages – in this film, the Apes are studied by humans in the return to Earth in the future. This film is both a prequel and a sequel as we go back in time chronologically, but forward in time sequentially. The only clip I could find for this film is the DVD series trailer.

14. Die Hard 2 (Die HARDER!)

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John McClane just wasn’t quite finished dealing death to the bad guys at Nakatomi Plaza, and he felt the need to dish out more than enough thrills and kills in and around an airport. Willis kicks the excitement level up just enough to keep the story alive and well. Twice more since, as well!

13. Predator 2

This time, rather than the jungle, Danny Glover tracks our space monster through the city streets, buildings, and backyards taking over nicely from Arnold. Key scenes in this fine continuation include the healing wound bit taking place entirely in an old woman’s bathroom, and the view of the creature’s trophy case at the end featuring an Alien skull! Sorry, all I could find was this review.

12. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

Coinciding with the wonderful children’s book series, the adventure continues with Harry, Ron, and Hermione at Hogwarts. This time, now that Harry is a bit more familiar with his magic, the trio take on a giant Basalisk!

11. Toy Story 2

Originally planned for a direct-to-DVD release, Disney-Pixar decided most wisely to ship this sequel to theaters instantly creating another masterpiece. The search for Woody by Buzz and crew is at most heartwarming and adds a whole different layer to the story.

The wonderful song in the video was nominated for an Oscar.

10. Spider-Man 2

Largely considered to be the world’s greatest superhero movie, the sequel to the amazing SPIDER-MAN movie proved not only that one of the most beloved comic book characters can be translated to the big screen without sacrificing a bit of the humor and humanity brought to the page, but can also be directed by a moan much more well known for horror films: Sam Raimi. Tobey Maguire proved his chops as well by acting every bit the way we all see Peter Parker.

9. Drunken Master 2

In 1978 Jackie Chan became a huge international star (everywhere but in the United States) with Drunken Master . So in 1994 on the brink of becoming a huge star in the U.S. too, Jackie made this sequel/homage to the original. It continues the story of Chinese folk legend Wong Fei Hung. It’s one of his very best films. It was finally released in a slightly edited, specially dubbed version on U.S. screen in 2000. In 2000, they finally dubbed, edited and re-mixed the soundtrack to show Jackie at his very best in an amazing and thoroughly enjoyable action comedy which proves once and for all what an incredible athlete and martial artist Jackie is. This film has some of the most intricate, creative, and beautiful one on one fighting choreography you will ever witness. It’s also very funny and Jackie’s at the peak of his skills and charisma here.

8. Evil Dead 2

When Sam Raimi wrote and directed the original horror classic, EVIL DEAD, with Bruce Campbell, he was only trying to make a film and never anticipated the love he received. Having accumulated enough cash from the flick, Raimi went back to work essentially re-writing the story as a sequel and retelling as EVIL DEAD 2. It’s close to the original, but far superior.

7. Batman Begins

Okay – I realize that this is a prequel – but chronologically speaking it came after, so I am including it. Batman Begins was really the first Batman film that was of truly epic proportions. With brilliant acting from Michael Caine and the best onscreen batman to date (Christian Bale), how could we leave it off?

6. The Bride of Frankenstein

Not necessarily meant to be a sequel per se, the fearful saga of the lumbering and reanimated corpse leaps to a new terrifying level as the good doctor creates woman. The bride turns out to be even more horrifying than original!

5. Aliens

Ripley finds herself on a planet supposedly overrun by the very alien life forms she desperately tried to avoid in the original. With amped-up action and an all-out war with the bugs, Bill Paxton, Michael Biehn, and Lance Henrickson join the superb cast to do all out battle.

4. Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom

Actually a prequel, though still the second in the story, the TEMPLE OF DOOM follows our hero, Indiana Jones, making his way around the world to India in order to rescue the Shankara Stones from the evil Mola Ram. Tagging along this time are Stephen Speilberg’s real-life wife, Kate Capshaw as a Hollywood dancer, and the every bubbly Short-Round. Most disgusting scene: Monkey brains! Oh, and those bugs, “aren’t fortune cookies!”

3. The Lord of The Rings: The Two Towers

Peter Jackson did everything humanly possible to cram every bit of the Tolkein books into his sprawling, gorgeous trilogy. But even with that, there had to be a second movie and that had to come after the release of THE FELLOWSHIP OF THE RING. The cliffhanger left the audience wanting so much more, and THE TWO TOWERS more than delivered. It would prove to be epic.

2. The Empire Strikes Back

Some of the most startling revelations ever brought to screen, the sequel to STAR WARS: A NEW HOPE gave the world the paternal Darth Vader, the patriarchal Yoda, and the growing love between a space scoundrel and a princess. Directed by Irvin Kirshner, the stark differences between the bleached frozen wasteland of Hoth, the wispy calmness of Cloud City, and the earthy filth of Dagobah, proved his creative worth to the original trilogy. The Jedi attains truth through the Force, and shows us just hour dour and unsettling the galaxy far, far away can be.

1. The Godfather Part 2

The Corleone family made us feel the raw, underhanded grit of being inside the Mafia. And much like a family in reality that we’ve all grown to love, they return in nearly a much stronger movie than the original. Perhaps the most well-known and most beloved sequel ever made, THE GODFATHER PART 2 continues to be a classic seen the world over.

Notable Omissions: Dawn of the Dead, Terminator 2

Contributor: StewWriter

Read more: http://listverse.com/2007/11/09/top-15-best-movie-sequels/

Top 10 Biggest Explosions

There is something very fascinating about watching the destructive beauty of things blowing up. It seems that every decent action movie has to have some kind of spectacular explosion. However, in real life there have been many kinds of explosions, and many are greater than the biggest ones in movies. Here is a brief list of the biggest explosions known to mankind.

Foab Blast

Type: Largest explosion created by a non-nuclear weapon

FOAB (Father of all Bombs) is a Russian tactical weapon, designed to detonate in mid-air and deliver an incinerating shockwave to the target area below it. The bomb yields the equivalent of 44 Tons of TNT, making it about as powerful as the smallest nuclear weapons in existence. However, FOAB does not generate the radioactive fallout that nuclear weapons do. FOAB is part of a “miniature arms race” between the United States and Russia. In 2003, the United States developed MOAB (Massive Ordinance Air Blast Bomb) which is a similar device with a yield of 11 tons of TNT. MOAB was quickly termed the “Mother of all Bombs” in accordance with its acronym. In an apparent response, Russia developed its “Father of all Bombs”, in 2007, which it claims is four times as powerful and slightly lighter in weight. However, the United States Military is dubious of these claims, and says that it is very possible that the film that Russia released of the test was doctored, and that several of the “facts” about the bomb were exaggerated for propaganda purposes.

Minor Scale Test Explosion

Type: Largest man-made conventional explosion

Minor Scale was a test performed by the United States, on June 27, 1985. The United States Defense Nuclear agency detonated almost 5,000 tons of ammonium nitrate fuel oil, to simulate the effect of a nuclear weapon. The main purpose was to see how a small nuclear weapon would affect military hardware. In the photograph, an F-4 Phantom can be seen in the wake of the explosion. An interesting fact: There is a dispute about whether or not this was, in fact, the largest conventional explosion. The Heligoland explosion was carried out by Great Britain when the Royal Navy detonated 6,700 tons of left over arsenal from WWII. While the Guinness Book of Records records Heligoland as being larger, the yield of Minor Scale was greater by about half a kiloton of TNT.

Tunguska Event

Type: Largest impact in recorded history

On June 30, 1908, there was a large explosion above the Podkamennaya Tunguska River, in Russia. The explosion created an estimated yield of 10-15 megatons of TNT, or about 1,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that destroyed Hiroshima, Japan. While there are a good number of conspiracy theories as to what caused the explosion, the majority of the scientific community agrees that it was caused by a meteoroid exploding in mid-air. Even though the meteoroid exploded in mid-air, the event is still considered an impact. The explosion is believed to have occurred in mid-air because, even though there have been several searches for it, no one has ever been able to find the crater. However, there was an area of about 2,150 square km where trees were bent away from the hypocenter of the blast.

Tsar-Bomba Digitally Enhanced Nuclear Bomb Picture

Type: Largest man-made explosion

Tsar Bomba was a hydrogen bomb developed by the Soviet Union, and tested on October 30, 1961. With a yield of 57 megatons, it was the most powerful man-made explosion ever. The bomb was actually originally intended to be more around 100 megatons, but the fallout of such a device would have been too problematic. Even though Tsar Bomba was detonated in the very remote location of the Novaya Zemlya island chain, north of the Russian mainland, it still caused a great deal of collateral damage. A village 55 km from the test site was completely leveled. Damage to buildings occurred as far away as Norway and Finland. The explosion created a mushroom cloud 64 km high, and a shockwave that was still detectable on its third passage around the earth.

Tambora1

Type: Largest Earthbound explosion recorded by humans

On April 5, 1815, Mt. Tambora erupted in Sambawa, Indonesia, creating the most powerful explosion ever witnessed by humans in historic times. The Tambora eruption is estimated to have unleashed the equivalent of 800 megatons of TNT, making it about 14 times more powerful than Tsar Bomba. The eruption was heard as far away as Sumatra, which is 2,600 km away. Before the eruption, Mt. Tambora was 4.3 km tall, but after it was only 2.85 km tall. The volcano created an ash column 43 km high, and dispersed ash into the stratosphere and around the globe. This ash blocked out the Sun and caused the year 1816 to be the second coldest year in recorded history. Crop failures and famines occurred all over Europe and North America. It is estimated that about 10,000 people died directly from the eruption, and that about 70,000 died from the resulting climate change.

Cretaceous-Tertiary Extinction Event 1

Type: Largest known Earthbound explosion

About 65 million years ago, an event known as the Cretaceous-Tertiary Event caused the extinction of many organisms, but is most famous for causing the extinction of the dinosaurs. Many scientists believe that this was caused by an asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub Crater located off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. It is estimated that the explosive force of this impact would have been the equivalent of 96 teratons of TNT, or about 1.7 million Tsar Bombas. This would make the impact the greatest explosion to ever occur on earth, for which there is sufficient geological evidence. The impact would have caused climate change, much like Mt. Tambora but much more drastic, and this climate change is believed to be what ultimately killed the dinosaurs.

Grb-080319B-Xrays

Type: Largest explosion ever directly witnessed by humans

Gamma-ray bursts are among the most violent known events in the universe. The exact cause of Gamma-ray bursts is not fully understood, although most astronomers hold that they are linked to extremely large supernovae. Gamma-ray bursts usually last 20 to 40 seconds and shine gamma-rays (hence the name) in a relatively narrow direction. Gamma-ray bursts are extremely rare, with one occurring every few hundred thousand years in each galaxy. On March 19, 2008, a gamma-ray burst called GRB 080319B occurred, and was visible to the naked eye for about 30 seconds. The explosion took place 7.5 billion light-years away, making the most distant object viewable without a telescope. The explosion is estimated to have generated the equivalent of 2×1034 tons of TNT, or about the equivalent of 10,000 times the Sun’s weight in TNT detonating all at once.

300Px-Sn2006Gy Chandra X-Ray

Type: Largest known supernova

On September 16, 2006, the largest known supernova, SN2006gy, was discovered. Supernovae occur when stars run out of fuel, collapse on themselves, and then explode. Extremely large supernovae, or hypernovae, are among the most violent events in the universe, and are believed by many to be the source of gamma-ray bursts. SN2006gy occurred 230 million light years away, when a star about 150 times as massive as the Sun collapsed on itself. The amount of energy output by this hypernova is estimated to be approximately equivalent to 2.5×1035 tons of TNT, which is roughly the same amount of energy put out by all the stars in the Virgo Supercluster of galaxies in one minute. An interesting fact: Because hypernova are usually caused by very large stars, there is usually enough remaining material from the star to continue collapsing after the explosion. This remaining material will sometimes collapse until its volume reaches zero. This means that many hypernova form black holes.

Grb080916C Uvot Xrt Merged

Type: Largest true explosion ever

The universe is a big place. Astronomically large objects are difficult to comprehend, and the largest known explosion, GRB 080916C is no different. GRB 080916C was a gamma-ray burst that was first recorded on September 16, 2008. The burst occurred about 12.2 billion light-years away and lasted 23 minutes, which is a very long duration for a gamma-ray burst. For those 23 minutes, the gamma-ray burst was putting out more energy than most galaxy superclusters. It is estimated that the blast had the equivalent amount of energy of 2×1038 tons of TNT. That’s the same as a trillion Tsar Bombas going off every second for 110 billion years, or about 7,000 times the amount of energy that the Sun is expected to put out in its lifetime.

Big Bang

Type: Largest “explosion” ever

It’s only appropriate that the Big Bang be number one. However, the Big Bang was technically not an explosion. An explosion occurs when matter moves through space from a high pressure point to a low pressure point, and does so very, very rapidly. However, the Big Bang involved space itself expanding rapidly, not matter expanding through space. In fact, because the universe is still expanding, one could argue that the Big Bang is still occurring. Another misconception about the Big Bang Theory is that it does not explain how the universe began, or how matter and energy first came to be. It only explains how space rapidly expanded about 5.4×10-44 seconds after the universe began.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2011/11/28/top-10-biggest-explosions/

FeatureFeature

Welcome to “I Want Your Job,” Elite Daily’s new series that inspires females to go after their professional and personal dreams. We’ve teamed up with the most inspiring Millennial women who’ve made a name for themselves doing everything from tech design to owning a restaurant to bring you a taste of what being a Boss Lady in every industry really looks like.

These women never gave up on their dreams, never let a man tell them “no” and aren’t backing down for anybody. If you want her job, here’s how to get it.


From user to employee… to CEO.

If it sounds like a Cinderella story, that’s because it is. But there isn’t a shriveling pumpkin, glass slipper or any ambiguous ideas about what your shoe size says about your ability to become a princess. Instead, there is Polyvore, a force to be reckoned with in the fashion community, and Jess Lee, fearless and fabulous at the helm of the Internet sensation.

Launched as the all-new way to discover, shop for and save your favorite pieces in fashion, beauty and home décor, Polyvore made a name for itself in the industry in ways that Pinterest cannot. Polyvore puts the power in its users hands, letting each individual decide on what works together, what doesn’t and what the latest and greatest trend will be.

It simplifies the shopping process – no longer are you scouring site after site for options that flow well together because on Polyvore, you just find what you like and shop similar styles. And while the site is for the user, by the user, it makes sure to include retailers in the mix, too.

Despite its standing ovation-worthy success story so far, it’s business as usual at their Mountain View offices. On the cusp of Silicon Valley, where the start-up heart beats steadily and fluidly, Jess Lee is the picture of poise. She is everything modern media uses to describe a Lady Boss: direct, likable, motivational, encouraging, creative and talented.

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When we first catch up with her, we’re in between breezes in this sunny California hideaway. Mountain View is a short train ride away from downtown San Francisco, a cozy little outpost of culture and creativity.

Jess exemplifies Cali chic, but there’s a hint of New York folded neatly into the mix. Maybe it’s the fact that she’s decked in black from head-to-toe that makes us native New Yorkers feel so peaceful in her presence?

But Jess Lee is nothing like her dark garments would suggest. (She likens her morning routine to the science of simplicity, a move that President Obama and Steve Jobs also prescribed to.) Though her place on the food chain reveals otherwise, Jess is just like everyone else on her team: determined to make Polyvore the best product for its users.

She isn’t “the boss,” “the CEO,” “the Polyvore superuser” — she’s just an employee deeply committed to her product and her people.

Community is at the heart of everything Polyvore and Jess do. It informs what products they create next, how they approach problems and how they envision the future of their brand. “I was a user before I was an employee; I care about our community.” Jess says.

And community is as much about its users as it is its employees. “Every day is punctuated by lunch. And everyone gets together for lunch. I usually always find a group of people that I don’t know that well and sit with them.

We also have orientation every week for new hires and existing employees. I want them to hear from me every week.

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“[We] run Polyvore like a start-up school,” Jess tells us. “When I joined, I was one of the company’s first employees, so I had the freedom to do a lot of different things. There was so much possibility. And I learned so much along the way that I want that same opportunity for everyone who’s joined.”

It’s awesome to see Jess approach business from such a realist perspective. “I think being here in Silicon Valley, and in tech, you’re just surrounded by so many smart people and you have the opportunity to learn so much from them.

“I’ve met so many awesome people; I’ve worked with people who came in, learned really fast, and went on to found their own companies.” It’s this ability to take a little something from everyone that has helped Jess shape, reshape and redefine the role of CEO at her own pace. “The CEO role is constantly changing, so every day is a new challenge and something I’ve never done before.”

Being a female CEO has changed a lot over the course of her tenure at the site, Jess says. It’s hard to imagine, but “companies that targeted female users weren’t always taken seriously, and now they are.” It’s a relief for Jess – and for Polyvore – to see its female base growing, expanding and taking command of the industry.

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But Jess didn’t set out at the start of her career with the intention of taking over the home, fashion and beauty space. “I wanted to be a comic book artist, and I wanted to go to art school, but my parents wouldn’t pay. They told me it would be really hard to make it in the art world. In hindsight, though, I don’t regret it. [I went on to study] computer science and I came [to Polyvore] from Google.”

For her, the idea of combining tech and computer science together to make art was something that aligned with her the root of her original goal. Polyvore blends together “fashion, tech, style and art into a job that centers around a product that I use every day.” How’s that for coming full circle?

“I would tell anyone out there who is thinking about the future to blend their passions with a job and an industry you love.” She’s right. Doing what you love day-in and day-out might not make the whole world spin, but it will make yours.

And the whole ride has been an incredible adventure; one that’s responsible for where she is today. “I’ve been really lucky,” she says, adding that working at Google and at Polyvore has taught her an invaluable lesson about life at the office: You need to reward people on the merits of their work.

At Polyvore, she says, it’s easy to do that because the people here are authentic. They are completely, totally and unequivocally themselves. It’s a mantra that’s found its way up the food chain, too.

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“I’ve never felt any pressure to be anyone other than myself. Actually I’m not even sure I could do that,” she says with a smile. After an hour together, we’ll second that. When someone like Jess comes along – so pure, so invested, so passionate – why would you ever want to mess with that? You wouldn’t.

She is, however, the first to admit that this role didn’t exactly come easily to her. “I’m naturally an introvert,” she says, “and I hate public speaking. It doesn’t come naturally to me, so getting better at that has been a challenge. It’s definitely a muscle you develop and then you get better and better at it.

“The classic mold of leadership is to be an extrovert. So I’ve had to define my own style and find role models that I could identify with. It was a huge challenge.” Day after day, though, she does it. She makes it happens. She excites, inspires and plans for the future.

She plays that up to an ability to focus, one of the biggest lessons she’s learned so far. “Only a few things really matter, and you have to be really exceptional at them. You have to be able to say ‘no’ to those other things.”

Laying it out before us, it all seems so neat and orderly, but Jess reminds us that it hasn’t always been such a crystal-clear picture. On the road to success, she’s sacrificed the “stability and comfort” of a 9-to-5 career.

There was never a moment, in the early days, where Jess was totally sure everything would work out as beautifully as it has. That, she says, has been the icing on the cake.

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Though her road is rippled with zigzags and U-turns, Jess has a few thoughts for girls who want to grow up and wear her shoes one day. She reverts back to advice she got from Marissa Mayer at Google: “Seek out things that are challenging and hard because that’s how you grow and learn. When you’re young and ‘not sure that you can do that,’ you forget that there’s a lot you can gain just from trying.”

Because hindsight is always 20/20, Jess muses that if she could go back, she’d do a few things differently. “Earlier in my career, I would have fought harder for some of the things that I believed in.

“I was shy, quiet and not confident in my ideas. I knew there were things that weren’t best for users, but I didn’t speak up. Now, I speak up.” Was it because she was a woman? Was it because she wasn’t a feminist? No… and no. “My question is: Who isn’t a feminist? Most people I know are.”

It’s this work ethic – this ability to stop, disseminate, reassess and try again – that makes Jess such a prize to her team and the Polyvore community. Their chic offices even feature two “Love Letter” boards. They’re filled with handwritten notes of thanks that detail the impact Polyvore has had on their lives.

One user even submitted a copy of her college admissions essay. “To hear users talk about how Polyvore inspired them to go study fashion, or computer science, or to hear employees say that Polyvore is one of the best places they’ve ever worked,” is one of the most rewarding parts of her role.

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Before we part, we ask Jess a few of the tough questions: Does she want it all? What the hell even is it “all”? How do you do it? 

Much like we’ve come to realize, Jess takes it all in stride – and never breaks a sweat. We’re dying to know her secret to success, and much to her credit, it sounds so attainable. So honest. So real. So Jess. “I think a lot of the reason I became CEO is because I volunteered to do the hard work, the annoying work, because it was important. So go seek out the challenges; take the more challenging path – that’s the best way to grow your career.”

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As for having it all, Jess says, “I always thought that was a weird question because no one – man or woman – can have it all; you have a finite amount of time in your life and you have to choose how to spend it.” That said, though, “It’s all about the people: your family, your friends, the people you work with, the users – making those people happy and having meaningful relationships with every single one of them.”

And it’s also about the value of the word “no.”

“You have to learn how to say ‘no,’” Jess adds. “You have to learn how to be disciplined. You don’t have to cut into your personal life, your family and your play. You can say no.”

Brb, we’re gonna go practice.


More jobs you’ll want to steal:

Susan Feldman, Founder of One Kings Lane

Kathryn Minshew and Alexandra Cavoulacos, Cofounders of The Muse

Lila Delilah, Founder of Madison Avenue Spy

Amy Chasan, Founder and Owner of Sweet Generation

Kellee Khalil, Founder and CEO of Loverly

Amy Odell, Editor of Cosmopolitan.com

Read more: http://elitedaily.com/women/jess-lee-ceo-polyvore-want-her-job/855980/

Remember growing up and not being able to decide whether you should ask for a PlayStation or an Xbox for Christmas or your birthday?

It’s safe to say that decision alone was one of the hardest to make during our childhoods. But what if we told you that years later, there’d be a way to ask for one device that allows you to play both consoles?

Well, it exists, thanks to a self-taught engineer named Eddie Zarick.

He created the Playbox, a laptop-based device that features both the Xbox One and the PlayStation 4 housed in one contraption.

In a recent video uploaded to YouTube, Zarick demonstrates how the Playbox works.

It’s simple — there’s one side that’s dedicated to operating the Xbox One, and there’s another side dedicated to operating the PlayStation 4. The beauty of it is, you can seamlessly transition between either consoles as you please.

Oh, and there’s only one power cord, not two. If this device was available for purchase years ago, we would’ve had easier childhoods!

Check out the video for a closer look at this awesome creation.

Read more: http://elitedaily.com/envision/genius-makes-system-combining-ps4-xbox-one/908967/